Essay about Child Poverty

6568 Words Sep 17th, 2011 27 Pages
Whether current UK policies on poverty are workable and what is the most feasible policy should apply

Content Page 1. Introduction 3

2. Main Body a. Definition and measure of Child Poverty 3 b. Causes of Child Poverty 7 c. Child Poverty Relief and Effects 14 d. Proposed end of Child Poverty 19

3. Conclusion 20
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Elizabeth (2010) stated that relative poverty is more appropriate if income measure will generate externalities, but the question is whether the poor should live in poor areas in order to feel equity. There are a number of different poverty definitions under the different researchers, so child poverty as a specific kind of poverty and this has different definitions. However, how to define the child poverty still is a controversial debate among policy makers and academics.
According to the report of Mayor of London (2004), the official measure of child poverty in the UK is the “proportion of children living in households with disposable income below 60% of the median of the national income distribution for households, after taking differences in household size and composition into account”. This is a typical income indicator to measure child poverty. Under this policy, child poverty can be measured by economic dimensions.

Firstly, headcount measure is measure the number of children below the poverty line (60% of the median of the national income distribution for households). As shown in the figure 1 below, the number of children in low-income households after housing costs was higher than it before housing costs. Both two measures have followed similar trend overtime (Graph 1), but ‘after housing costs’ measure is better than ‘before housing costs’ measure, mainly because housing costs vary for people in otherwise identical situations (particularly, costs in

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