Chemistry Of Love Essay
Oxytocin is a hormone released by the pituitary gland in the back of the brain. This chemical get its name from a Greek word meaning “rapid birth”. Although oxytocin helps in childbirth “today [it] is known more widely as the love hormone” (Quill). This chemical increases contractions of the uterus during labor and helps stimulate the formation of milk in the breasts of pregnant women. Oxytocin is made in the pituitary gland, but more specifically in the hypothalamus. “Oxytocin is class[ified] as a nonapeptide” (MacGill), which is a peptide containing nine amino acids, while its biological classification is a neuropeptide. This chemical acts as a hormone and a brain neurotransmitter. The release of the chemical is triggered when the cervix and vagina begin to expand in preparation for labor. This is why immediately after a women’s “water breaks” contractions begin to last longer and become a bit more …show more content…
These synthetic version come in two different brands, Pitocin and Syntocinon. The synthetic version can be used for obstetric and gynecological purposes to start birth contractions, reduce bleeding after pregnancy, and terminate a pregnancy during the first trimester (Feldman).
Besides the release of oxytocin for child birth and breast-feeding, oxytocin also has many effects on a person’s emotions. Oxytocin is also not only released during child birth, but also during sexual activity. For all genders sexual activity stimulates the release of oxytocin in the body. “Some researchers believe oxytocin may play a part in the experience of sexual orgasm, proposing a correlation between the concentration of oxytocin and the intensity of orgasm” (MacGill). Research shows that high levels of oxytocin are observed in couples during the first six months of the relationship.
Oxytocin relates to a person’s emotions by when the chemical is released this signals the brain to “relax” giving the impression to almost trust. This explains why and how people begin to trust others and why. When people produce low levels of oxytocin in this area of the brain, it sometimes in very rare cases can result in behavioral dysfunctions, the inability to communicate, or work with others based on the lack of trust or comfort of the