Causes of Truancy in Primary Schools and Its Educational Implication

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Truancy 1

Student truancy: Why should I go to school?
Kevin Floress
Indiana University

Truancy 2
Various school personnel, parents, community members, and juvenile justice officials among others are consistently concerned with the issue of truancy in schools. Truancy highly correlates to problem behaviors such as academic failure, dropping out of school, and criminal behavior (Giacomazzi, Mueller, & Stoddard, 2006). Perhaps the most pertinent question then is: What is causing students to be truant from school and what can be done to improve school attendance? This report will begin by examining the multifaceted implications of student truancy. After a review of the far-reaching effects of
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When students are truant from school, they are not only hurting themselves but also their families, their schools, and their communities
(McCray, 2006).
On an individual level, truancy is connected with a complex system of problems such as emotional maladjustment, poor academic achievement, school dropout, substance abuse, and teen pregnancy (Fantuzzo, Grim, & Hazan, 2005). Research indicates that a

Truancy 4 student’s academic performance is negatively impacted if they miss even 30 hours of instructional time (Commentary, 2002). Not only is truancy highly correlated with low levels of school achievement but also with high dropout rates. The individuals that dropout from school are two-and-a-half times more probable to be on welfare, nearly twice as likely to be unemployed, and on average will earn significantly lower wages than adults who graduate (Commentary). To compound matters, truancy often leads to delinquency and criminal activity (Garry, 1996). Truant students are at higher risk for substance abuse and violence (McCray, 2006).
Not only does truancy affect individuals, it has implications that are felt at the school-level. According to Garry (1996), schools with chronically truant students are losing hundreds of thousands of dollars in state and federal funding. Oftentimes, this funding is directly tied to the percentage of students in attendance. Furthermore, schools are losing discretionary funds and the

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