The Cold War: The Cause Of The Red Scare

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In 1917, the United States of America joined WWI due to beneficial economic relations with the Allies and German advances towards the American people. In 1919, The Treaty of Versailles resolved WWI, but left Germany in tremendous debt as they had to pay all war reparations. Because Germany was struggling, the Nazis rose to power under the leadership of Hitler. Adolf Hitler became the German dictator. WWII then began as the Allies felt that the spread of fascism and undemocratic practices needed to be halted. At this time, the Allies included both the United States and the Soviet Union; they were fighting on the same side, as the Big Three with Great Britain. After WWI, Stalin began to turn his back on promises he had made to the Allies at …show more content…
The beginning of the Cold War between the US and the USSR from 1945 to 1950 was slightly caused via accusations of illegal communist activities in the government. However, it was significantly caused through political change in foreign policy, social distrust of the USSR via public opinions, and diplomatic misunderstandings. The causes of the beginning of the Cold War was similar in nature to that of the Red Scare (1919-1920). The Red Scare began after the Bolshevik Revolution in the Soviet Union, when communist Vladimir Lenin took power, while the Cold War began after WWII ended and Soviet control grew under Joseph Stalin. Both the Red Scare and the Cold War indicated periods of paranoia against communist and radical politics. These two instances led to many anti-communist sentiments in the United States. In 1919 & 1920, US Attorney General Palmer led a series of raids against radical leftist, including communists, in order to invade their lives and attempt to arrest them. This is similar to McCarthyism as Senator Joseph McCarthy claimed to have a list of communists in the government and attempted to get them convicted. His arguments could be heard in the Army - McCarthy Hearings. Additionally, the repercussions continued in the legal system. During the Red Scare, at the Trial of Sacco and Vanzetti, two Italian men were convicted of a crime they weren’t proved to commit solely because they were communists. This is similar to the Rosenberg Trial because Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, both communists, were accused of being Soviet spies and passing information regarding nuclear weapons to the

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