Work Related Stress In The Workplace

1. Introduction
Work-related stress is a universal problem of current life which has reached all over the world and encountered almost all vocations. It can have detrimental effects on many people’s lives, and there are distinct factors in modern society responsible for. Stress can lead to many consequences such as less self-confidence, worse performance, and even suicide. Being known as detrimental to people's health as well as affect them in many aspects of life, the work-related stress can be considered as a worldwide challenge for workers as wells as for the organizations. Because not only can seriously cause the workers’ health and but also cause the organizations to face loses. There are many things that both employees and employers can
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Causes of Stress and It’s Impact on Employee
There are many different reasons that can cause job stress in the workplace nowadays. Nearly everyone admits that job stress occurs mostly from the conditions of the work they are doing, the environment that they are working in, the way workers communicate, and last but not least, the individual differences with each worker characteristics. While the significance of worker characteristics cannot be neglected, there is studied evidence which shows that some working conditions are stressful to most people. Those working conditions can change by manager changing the scope, environment. through "The Job Design".

“Work intensification" condition 
has increased partly as a consequence of new forms of employment contract and job insecurity, and also as a result of the introduction of new information and communication technologies into the workplace” according to (Green, 2004) . Besides, unrealistic and enormous workload burden that employee shouldered with infrequent rest break, long shift hours may make workers feel as if they are singled out. These are all part of the job
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The first and dominant approach, Stress Management Training concentrates on training a person’s ability to solve with stress. The second approach focuses on the work environment, helping people to develop stress-generating working conditions. For instance: Managers should apply a participative leadership style which allow involvement of as many subordinates as possible in handling problems related to stress-producing. Managers need to advance working condition by equipping enough tools and create a better workplace culture such as watching for signs of anxiety or bullying or workplace discrimination (based on race, gender, national origin, religion, or language. Besides, manager should monitor employees’ workload to ensure it is in line with their capabilities and resources. Last but not least, providing work schedules that are reasonable with demands and responsibilities outside the job. Thirdly, employ characteristics in “the job design” adding elements in order to help employee in raising responsibility by giving them opportunities to participate in decisions and actions that affect their jobs. By including employee in decision making and listening to their opinions they would feel that they are an important asset of the company and that their opinion counts. In addition, offering a meaning and rightful jobs is a right track of limiting stressful and also giving opportunities

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