Revolutionary Revolutions: The Russian Revolution 1917

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History Assignment
The study of the development of a revolutionary situation is also the study of crises of an existing government. The world which we live in today has been dramatically modernized due to the consequences which became of three major revolutions: the American Revolution 1775, the French Revolution 1789 and the Russian (Bolshevik) Revolution 1917. Revolution is defined as repudiation and the thorough replacement of an established government or political system by the people governed. The principles and governmental hierarchy established in these revolutions have served as the basis in modern society allowing today’s society to enjoy fundamental and natural rights. These revolutions eradicated the obsolete system of monarchs
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An impoverished Russian peasants did not require, high ideals like the Americans and French, they simply desired, “Peace, Land and Bread.” Russia was governed by the absolute Tsarist autocracy, led by Nicholas II. After decades of ineffective leadership, oppressive governments and mismanagement of economics, Russia was penurious, backward and uneducated. As hostility between the Tsar and the commoners escalated, Russians embraced the revolutionary ideas of Marxism. The country was primed for revolution. With Russia wavering on the brink of failure in 1905 peaceful protestors stormed the Winter Palace, only to be killed by the Tsar’s soldiers. Orlando Figs (1957) commented, “With the Russian Empire teetering on the brink of collapse, the tsarist regime responded to the crises with its usual incompetence and obstinacy” (p 78). Russian workers who were enveloped by revolutionary ideologies saw the philosophy of communism as the long awaited solution to extreme poverty and indigence. The outbreak of World War One spontaneously strengthened the monarchy and patriotism in Russia; this was momentary as the realisms of the war became apparent. The Russian military turmoil of World War One was the crisis of government. The war had bled the country dry of resources, food and men, consequently the Russian people had experienced grinding …show more content…
The consequence of all revolutions was the abolition of traditional social hierarchy and the establishment of democracy and republicanism. Giving birth to ethic, principle and political values which govern today’s society and form the basis of many universal governments. Evidently, the studies of the American, French and Russian revolutionary situations are also the study of crises of the existing governments. “Any people anywhere being inclined and having the power have the right to rise up and shake off the existing government, and form a new one that suits them better.” (Abraham Lincoln,

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