Essay on Cause And Effect Of Lung Cancer

1152 Words Nov 9th, 2016 5 Pages

When we talk about lung cancer we automatically think of smoking, and not the history behind it. Normal lung tissue are made up of cells that are arranged by genes to create lung tissue in a certain shape to perform certain tasks. Lung cancer forms by out of control growth of abnormal cells in the lung. Lung cancer transpire when the genetic material responsible for production of lung cells are damaged. There are two main types of lung cancers; small cell and non-small cell lung cancer. Small cell is the aggressive form of lung cancer that usually starts in the bronchi and spreads quickly. Non-small lung cancer tends to spread less quickly. There are three main subtypes to non-small cell; Squamous cell carcinoma, Large cell carcinoma, and Adenocarcinoma. These cancers can be caused by a variety of things other than smoking.
Although smoking tobacco is the leading cause to lung cancer; you can get it from second hand smoke, genetic factors, environmental exposures, and radiation therapy. Symptoms that show you might have lung cancer are having smokers cough for more than two weeks, shortness of breath, chest pains, and weight loss that you can not control. To reduce the risk of getting lung cancer you can not smoke, remove yourself from situations where there is second hand smoke, and be aware of job related exposures. In order for a doctor to diagnose someone with lung cancer they have to do a number of tests such as an x-ray, physical exam, and a medical…

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