Case Study: Passive Fire Protection System
1. Fire emergency exit and staircase
An emergency exit an doorway out of a building that is designated for use in an emergency (Collinsdictionary.com, 2018). This is a special exit when you have emergencies, for example a fire. The combined use of special and regular exits allows for faster evacuation, while it provides an alternative if the route to the regular exit is blocked by fire. The qualifications for an emergency exits includes the location must be in a location that is easy to be access. The exit also must have an area or location which it can bring you to emergency situation. Besides, it must be controlled by the inside of the building. Lastly, it have to be well managed and regularly up kept and the …show more content…
An exit route consists of three parts, which are exit access, a portion of an exit route that leads to an exit. The next is exit. It is a portion of an exit route that is generally separated from other areas to provide a protected way of travel to the exit discharge. The final is exit discharge, which is a part of the exit route that leads directly outside or to a street, walkway, refuge area, public way, or open space with access to the outside. (Osha.gov, 2018) Exits have to be separated by fire resistant materials which are one-hour fire-resistance rating if the exit connects three or fewer stories and two-hour fire-resistance rating if the exit connects more than three …show more content…
Fire rated door
Fire door is a door with fire-resistance rating used to reduce the spread of smoke and fire between the separated compartments of a building or structure to ensure safe egress. 1/4" wire glass and ceramic glass are the most common types of glazing used in fire rated doors. There are few types of fire door:
UBBL- Section 162.(1)
• Fire doors of the appropriate FRP shall be provided.
• Openings in compartment walls and separating walls shall be protected by a fire door having a FRP in accordance with the requirements for that wall specified in the Ninth Schedule to this by- law
Under Section 164(1)
• All fire doors shall be fitted with automatic door closers to the hydraulically spring operated type in the case of the spring door of fire rope and weight type in the case of sliding door.
3. Emergency exit signage (Exit sign)
Exit sign is a device in a public facility denoting the location of the closest emergency exit in case of emergency such as fire. All buildings require exit signs to be permanently lit. Exit sign must be designed to be easily understandable to anyone. For the colour and design of the sign, the purpose is to draw attention to objects and situations which affect health or safety. This Malaysian Standard specifies a system of safety colour and safety signs for giving information for use in the prevention of accidents, for warning of health hazards and for meeting certain