Case Study Of A Biopsychosocial Model Stroke

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A Biopsychosocial Model: Stroke
This essay explores how stroke can be caused by referring to the biopsychosocial model and its strength and weakness is evaluated in terms to health. It also address how risk of getting stroke can be significantly decreased by changing our lifestyle behaviour. The links between broader aspects of health with biological or psychological aspect of health is also explored.
The biopsychosocial (BPS) model explains that cause of an illness is due to complex interaction between biological, social and psychological factor (Nursing theories, 2013). The biological factor looks at the physiological cause of an illness, the psychological factor considers psychological influence such as stress, anxiety and the social factor
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Stroke is a medical condition in which blood supply to part of the brain is cut off causing brain to damage (Stroke, 2005). One of the biological factor that could lead to stroke is ethnicity as people who are African-Caribbean, South Asian are likely to develop diabetes and high blood pressure which can cause stroke (Stroke, 2005). One of the social factor that influence stroke is physical inactivity as this can lead to risk of high blood pressure, cholesterol level and diabetes which can lead to obesity (American Stroke Association- 2012). One of the psychological factor that can leads to stroke is Depression as people who are depressed tend to a have unhealthy habit such as smoking, lack of physical activity and Some of the medication used to treat depression has also been linked to cause stroke (Hu et al, 2011).
Some of the stroke risk factor are modifiable such as Physical inactivity and Depression. The reason for physical inactivity is due to lack of a physical activity and sedentary behaviour. This can be improved by doing Regular exercise as it can reduce risk factor of stroke such as high blood pressure, cholesterol level and Diabetes. Mental health
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One of the strength is that compared to Biomedical model, it is more holistic since it takes psychological and social factor into account and explains that illness has many cause (Engel, 1977). Since this model considers 3 different factor, it means that the care provided is unique to each service user and moves away from the excessive use of drugs, surgery and utilization of diagnostic tool. One of the weakness of BPS model is that it gives us freedom but fails to give us guidance (Ghamei, 2011). Both psychology and Social factor of the BPS model has many different interpretation and can be stretched in any direction but gives no specific guidance to anything. So in practice, the use of BPS model vary depending on the practitioner. The BPS model encourages the different combination of treatment for better service but in some case, the combination of treatment is unnecessary and can be costly and wasteful (Ghamei, 2011). The BPS model is a poor teaching tool for student and resident as it considers 3 different factors and it often lead to individual thinking that they must know everything which means that some of the factors are weakly explored and tend to fall back on one factor or none of them being explored in depth (Ghamei,

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