Essay on Carbohydrates And The Nutrition And Energy Supply

777 Words Oct 7th, 2015 4 Pages
Carbohydrates are the main source of energy for living beings; its consumption is vital to our existence. The Carbohydrates play various roles in our body; the main ones are the nutrition and energy supply. The body will use every trick to keep the fed cells, as the glucose supply cannot stop. Foods rich in carbohydrates, such as breads, cereals, rice and pasta, are an important form of energy for the body and, therefore, are very important to a healthy diet. However, when consumed in excess, carbohydrates increase the amount of body fat, because excess carbohydrate is stored in the body as fat, thus, it is important not to overdo the intake of such foods.
Carbohydrates can be classified into three groups: monosaccharide, disaccharides and polysaccharides. Monosaccharide is simple sugars, and its main representatives are glucose (manufactured by plants during photosynthesis), fructose (found in honey) and lactose (found in milk). The union of two monosaccharaides forms disaccharides, and his best-known representatives are sucrose and lactose. Sucrose consists of a glucose molecule and a fructose molecule. Sucrose is the sugar we consume at home, which we use in our coffee, juices, pastries etc. This carbohydrate can be found mainly in the sugarcane and sugar beets. Lactose formed by one molecule of glucose and one lactose molecule. It is the sugar found in milk, and is the main source of energy for the baby during breastfeeding. The polysaccharides are formed by the union of…

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