Bordeaux Wine Region Essay

1710 Words Oct 23rd, 2012 7 Pages
BORDEAUX

89% of wine produced in Bordeaux is red (called "claret" in Britain), with sweet white wines (most notably Sauternes), dry whites, rosé and sparkling wines (Crémant de Bordeaux) collectively making up the remainder.

Terminologies
• Claret - is a name primarily used in British English for red Bordeaux wine. Claret derives from the French clairet, a now uncommon dark rosé, which was the most common wine exported from Bordeaux until the 18th • Sauternes - is a French sweet wine from the Sauternais region of the Graves section in Bordeaux. • Châteaux – is a manor house or residence of the lord of the manor or a country house of nobility or gentry, with or without fortifications, originally—and still most frequently—in
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The geological foundation of the region is limestone, leading to a soil structure that is heavy in calcium. • These rivers define the main geographical subdivisions of the region:  "The right bank", situated on the right bank of Dordogne, in the northern parts of the region, around the city of Libourne.  Entre-deux-mers, French for "between two seas", the area between the rivers Dordogne and Garonne, in the centre of the region.  "The left bank", situated on the left bank of Garonne, in the west and south of the region, around the city of Bordeaux itself. The left bank is further subdivided into: o Graves, the area upstream of the city Bordeaux. o Médoc, the area downstream of the city Bordeaux, situated on a peninsula between Gironde and the Atlantic.

Climate and geography

Red Grapes
• MERLOT Early-ripening Merlot is the most widelyplanted grape variety in Bordeaux. It expresses its full potential on cool soils, producing smooth wines with a great deal of color, roasted aromas, and flavors reminiscent of red fruit (such as plums) and figs after ageing in bottle for several years.

Red Grapes
• CABERNET SAUVIGNON Cabernet Sauvignon is a traditional late-ripening local variety. The gravely soil of the Left Bank provides the necessary warmth for optimum ripening. This grape variety contributes structure to the wines as well as hearty tannins and a flavor profile including liquorice,

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