Bone Fracture Case Study

Improved Essays
Abstract
Caitlyn Jenner a 65 year old female patient fell down a marble staircase and hit the left side of her skull twice when she was rushed into the emergency room. After radiographic images were taken and a skull series was performed it was evident that the patient had an open communited depressed fracture of the left temporal bone. Other radiological modalities were utilized in diagnosing the type and severity of her fracture. After diagnosis was made apparent then the appropriate treatment was provided to help Ms. Jenner on a road to recovery. Depressed Skull Fracture
A 65 year old female model named Caitlyn Jenner walked into the emergency room after suffering trauma to the skull. The incident happened in the early morning while
…show more content…
Linear fractures are the most common, followed by depressed and basilar skull fractures. The most common reasons of head injury in adults include assaults, motor vehicle collisions, and like Ms. Jenner’s case falls. Patients who obtain a fracture of the temporal bone are at high risk for extra-axial hematoma which is bleeding beneath the skull but outside the brain parenchyma. This is due to the temporal bone's relative weakness and the proximity of the middle meningeal artery and vein. Serious symptoms of a skull fracture which Ms. Jenner experienced include: bleeding from the wound caused by the trauma, near the location of the trauma, or around the eyes, ears, and nose. Also there maybe pain at the site of the trauma, swelling at the injured area, or redness or warmth at the trauma site. Less severe symptoms are headache, nausea, and vomiting (Krucik, …show more content…
Medication, occasionally counting surgery, is required if the fissure creates complications. Temporal bone fractures induce numerous damages to the internal ear. Damages encompass burst of the eardrum and injury to the ossicles, the cochlea, the vestibular apparatus, or the nerve that regulate muscles of the visage. Occasionally, serous fluid taken away from the brain and spinal cord (cerebrospinal fluid) flows from the brain into the fracture and emerge as unclouded fluent depleting from the ear or nose. That flowing proves that the brain is unprotected to severe virus from microbes within the ear canal. CT is the modality of choice for temporal bone fractures. Surgery is crucial only if the damage leads to serious complications. In case the facial paralysis is prompt and harsh, surgical intervention may be required. But, if moderate, a corticosteroid drug is recommended. If the ossicles are damaged, surgical intervention is required. Hearing loss emerging from injury to the cochlea or its nerve is mostly perpetual. Folks affected by the flow of cerebrospinal fluid must be admitted. If flowing exceeds, insertion of a drain adjacent the spinal cord in the lower back (lumbar drain) may be needed to subside infection. (Sam P. Most,

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    Cause Of Osteolysis

    • 1145 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Case three was in 1984 in which a 19-year old female complained about pain in the right side of her chest. Tests showed a fracture of the tenth rib, and Osteolysis on the tenth, eleventh, and twelfth ribs. A biopsy was conducted on the tenth rib and it revealed very active osteoclasts. All three ribs were removed and the patient recovered very nicely with no return of Osteolysis. Case four took place in 1987 when a 78-year-old woman found random disappearance of her pubis and ischium shortly after a hip replacement due to arthritis.…

    • 1145 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Patient will feel dizzy, loss of balance and therefore will have trouble walking. Their vision can also be affected in one side or both sizes (Anne, 2009). According to the National Stroke Association (2016), the treatment for acute CVA included administration of tissue plasminogen activator that is injected in the vein to help dissolve blood clot and improve the blood flow to the brain. When medication treatments do not work, surgeons remove the blood clots mechanically inserting a small tube in the artery to break or pull out the clot out the artery (National Stroke Association, 2016). In the case of Hemorrhagic stroke the first thing to do is to find the cause of bleeding and control it (National Stroke Association, 2016).…

    • 808 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Thus, pressure is inevitable in the Fallopian canal because of the compression from the skull. In this regard, blood and oxygen are restricted to the nerve cells. Destruction of the nerve’s myolin shealth is possible in this scenario. When people are affected by Bell's Palsy, some of them are not able to distinguish various types of foods because their taste buds have also been affected by the damaged nerves (Cooper et al., 2017). The swelling of the nerves of the face is likely to be the cause of Bell's Palsy.…

    • 1431 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    ABSTRACT The following is a case study of cohort of patients who were suffering from rare autoimmune disease, Fissure Syndrome . Fissure Syndrome is due to the mutation which effects immune functioning and which causes depletion in blood-brain barrier which does not allow the blood flow into the brain or nerve cell. One result of fissure syndrome is that the person can have frequent blackout and bleeding from nose. For many people the conditions can be severe as well as can prove fatal. The client was diagnosed and given an assessment with the goal of determining the factors.…

    • 1442 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Headline: Adenoidectomy Risks and Recovery Keywords: Surgery, Adenoidectomy, adenoids, Risks, Recovery Page Description: Adenoidectomy is a surgery performed by surgeons to remove adenoids. Adenoids are located behind the nasal passages and get enlarged due to throat infections. There are risks during the surgery and recovery period. Patients should consult the doctor and take proper guidance. Text: { Adenoidectomy Adenoidectomy is a surgery performed to remove the adenoids which are mass of lymphoid tissues.…

    • 501 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The loss of hearing could be either conductive hearing loss, sensorineural hearing loss or mixed hearing loss. Conductive hearing loss is due to problems with the ear canal, ear drum, or middle ear and its bones. The causes of this type of hearing loss can include but not limited to fluid in the middle ear from colds, allergies, earwax, and infections. Some of these causes can be treatable with surgery and even antibiotics while some will have to use a hearing aid. Sensorial hearing loss is due to problems of the inner ear and is also known as nerve-related hearing loss.…

    • 1093 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    In contrast, Open TBI happens with an objects does so much damage that it penetrates through someone’s skull and hurts their brain. An example of this would be a bullet going through someone’s skull after a gunshot. With this particular form of traumatic brain injury, the main source of damage happens to the part of the brain that has come into contact with the object. Not only can bruising occur, there can be bleeding or swelling to the…

    • 1650 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The medical risks that arise are a hematoma, Nerve damage, infection, deep vein thrombosis, scarring, organ damage, anesthesia complications Seroma, and excessive blood loss. A hematoma is a pocket of blood that looks like a bruise it commonly is present after breast implants or face lifts. Nerve damage is one of the most common side effects after surgery. Nerve damage can cause individuals to lose feeling in certain areas. Deep vein thrombosis is when blood clots occur and then break off into the lungs.…

    • 1295 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Essay On Otitis Media

    • 586 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Chronic suppurative otitis media is a persistant infection that results in the tearing or perforation of the eardrum (Waseem, 2015). Adhesive otitis media occurs when the ear drum is sucked into the middle ears space and gets stuck. Being able to diagnosis the different subtypes of otitis media is essential…

    • 586 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Ear Ringing Essay

    • 2178 Words
    • 9 Pages

    If your ear-bone somehow increases, then you might feel ear ringing. The symptoms of ear ringing cannot be barred for long and thus you must essentially see a doctor. This abnormal growth might even leads to acute hearing loss and thus it needs to be prevented as soon as possible. • Your ear drums often get blocked with ear was but excessive deposition of these waxes can be quite harmful as your ears will face ringing trouble all of a sudden. The ear waxes need to be removed from time to time with the use of soft buds in order to avoid dreadful results.…

    • 2178 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Improved Essays