Blue Topaz History

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"The blue topaz has remained one of the most popular gemstones in the United States because of its vibrant blue color" (Branstrator). The blue topaz is the birthstone of those who were born in December. The blue topaz has also been a part of history, dating back to the Egyptians (Topaz History). The blue topaz is one of the most unique, fashionable, historical, and incredible gemstones on planet earth. The Blue topaz is found in the enormous crystals in pegmatite dikes (Topaz). Pegmatite dikes comprise extremely coarse crystalline granitic rocks (Dike ( Geology )). It can also be found in rhyolite, gneisses, and schists which are very acidic (Topaz)." Topaz crystallizes from fluorine-rich vapor in the final stages of solidification of igneous rock" (Topaz). Topaz can also be found in …show more content…
The Mohs' Hardness scale is the 1 - 10 scale of minerals hardness. The blue topaz is number 8 on that list. It's chemical composition is Al2 SiO4 (R,OH)2, which is fluor containing aluminum silicate, which is fluorosilicate (Schumann). Another quality of the blue topaz is that it has perfect cleavage (Schumann). Because of its perfect cleavage, the topaz is susceptible to breaking (King). When scratched, a mineral may leave a streak of a color behind. The blue topaz has a colorless streak (Schumann). The mineral has a vitreous luster (Schumann). Topaz can be cut in a variety of shapes. Topaz can be cut into a square, round, octagon, pear, oval, heart, and many others (About the Blue topaz)

Pear cut Oval cut Heart

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