Backpackers And Evolution Of Tourism

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Executive summary
This essay shows how backpackers have evolved over the years and why they play huge role in sustaining tourism focusing mainly in South-East Asia. It also described the different tourist characteristic based on. It also shows a backpacker’s tourist enclave affect their nature of their trip. This essay also shows the positive and negative impact on sustaining tourism and its example.
Defining Backpacker
Based on (Woodside & Martin, 2008) typology on tourist personality types, backpackers fall under allocentric who are real adventurer to near allocentric who are near adventurer and in his theory, allocentrics are intellectually travellers who are willing to take risk and like to immerse themselves in other people culture. They
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The Grand Tour young men were supposed to return home with knowledge they gained from their trip which usually lasted for more than a year to few years. There is not any exact date on when backpacking really started but according to Wilson and Richards (2004) it shows that in review of backpacking literature, The Global Nomad, there was relatively little attention paid to the backpackers tourist till the late 1980s. Backpackers were seen as ‘drifters’ and ‘nomads’ and youth travellers as ‘wanderers’. Backpacker tourism have become a social and cultural phenomena especially for young adult who wants to explore and have some time off from stress. It has now become the mainstream. International companies such as Accor have started shifting to backpacker market, the global nomad which is incorporated into the ‘McDonaldised’ system of conventional tourism (Richards & Wilson, 2005). Backpackers tourist are known to be budget travellers which show preference for budget holiday where they prefer to have longer holidays with less …show more content…
South East Asia country especially India earns her revenue by foreign exchange and tourism is the second highest earner. India earning from foreign exchange is expected to reach US$ 26 billion in 2015 from the current US$20 billion.it is growing at a compound of 13% annually (Ghosal, 2013). The mass amount of backpackers’ tourist will boost economic growth. It will mainly benefit small industry business such as traditional handicrafts, lodges and motels, small local café and foreign money exchange offices. This small industry will generate jobs for the locals and thus reducing the unemployment rate. There are many local economic backward linkages within small industry. For example, Thailand or Nepal when a small lodge is built, the basic material will usually be bamboos, wood and hay. These materials can be locally found and thus there is no need for import of material. Local ownership will also be greatly encouraged. They will also use small scale local labors. Backpackers will also help the local economically when they visit rural enclave. The like to spend minimum and they do not demand luxury thus they buy local product and services. Those who are in the small scale industry will also benefit the locals set up business easily as it does not really require the owner to be skilled and there is low overhead cost and minimum use of imported goods. It will also benefit the local when

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