Autism / Autism Spectrum Disorder Essay

1281 Words Dec 11th, 2016 6 Pages
Introduction

Autism Spectrum Disorder is a very common developmental disability in the United States, and affects children on a varying spectrum of mild to severe. It is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders, found in approximately 1 of every 110 children (McPartland, 2012). ASD individuals often demonstrate non-normal behavioral, learning, social, and auditory interactions to varying levels of functional ability.

Disease Diagnosis and Acquisition

Autism/Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a lifelong developmental disability that includes many different behavioral symptoms. According to DSM-5, the most recent set of criteria that psychologists and psychiatrists use to diagnose and classify mental illnesses, those with Autism Spectrum disorders show the following primary symptoms:

• A large deficit in social communication or interaction, specifically regarding emotional connections and nonverbal communicative behaviors (eye contact and body language) (DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria).

• Difficulty in maintaining and understanding relationships. For children, this may show when children with ASD have a hard time playing with other children, sharing or making friends. They do not respond to many non-verbal forms of communication, forming and sustaining friendships, seeking to share with other people and difficulties with social and emotional responsiveness.

• Stuck doing repetitive tasks and showing patterns in behavior and activities (DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria).…

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