Australia 's Population Growth Rate Essay

1734 Words Nov 30th, 2016 7 Pages
Immigration Australia’s population growth rate is declining at a rate of 1.6% (OECD, 2016). Over the span of 50 years from 1962 to 2012 the birth rate of Australians has decreased from 3.43 babies per woman to 1.89 babies per woman (Gapminder). This societal shift has had a huge impact on population, and therefore has also severely impacted Australia’s economic growth rate. A solution for economies experiencing a loss in population is an increase in immigration. “The purpose of migration is to build the economy, shape society, support the labour market and reunite family” (Border Patrol, 2016). However, Australia has been known to be socially averse to accepting more immigrants.
In 2013, Australia had and inflow of 253,000 permanent immigrants. This is very similar to the amount of permanent immigrants the UK, France, Canada, and Italy accepted in 2013, and far less than the 989,000 the United States accepted (OECD, 2016). Australia’s current Prime Minister, Malcolm Turnbull, said “Diversity is an investment against marginalisation and extremism, it helps our community unite, rather than be divided” (March & Anderson, 2016). This suggests Australia’s government has taken a more favorable view towards immigration and refugees than when Tony Abbott was Prime Minister from 2013-2015. Tony Abbott has said “It’s clear to me, that for too long, we have given those who might be a threat to our country the benefit of the doubt” (The Guardian, n.d.). Abbott faced significant…

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