Forced Displaced Population Essay
The objective of this tutorial report is to analyze the Australian’s Humanitarian Program and what are the main policies for that population in the Australian context. Thus, particular, the report is focused on identifying the category of visas for the displaced population and, in the last part, discusses the contributions of the forcibly displaced population to the Australia society.
The forcibly displaced population in the Global International Migration context
Forced displaced population is a fundamental trend of the new global international migration scenario which has been related to the globalization. To the date, this issue is a major area of interest for researchers due to the growing trend of such population over …show more content…
For example, in most cases, the refugees had been first asylum seeker that had enter illegally to the country or under a visitor visa.
The data on the worldwide forcibly displaced population suggests the necessity for global institutions to address the social issue which is likely to be one of the main challenges in the context of the global international migration field. Also, hosting countries should be involved in this issue and provide humanitarian assistance programs for this population.
The Australian Humanitarian Program
The countries that host forced displaced have the responsibility to welcome this population and provide them humanitarian assistance. One evidence of hosting country is Australia which established the Special Humanitarian Program (SHP) in 1981.
To date, Australia has the Australian’s Humanitarian Program designed with the objective to protect asylum seekers and refugees. The SHP distinguishes two categories of population: the onshore population and the offshore …show more content…
The individuals under this category are considered as refugees because, in most cases, they should demonstrate that are suffering persecution in their home country.
The offshore population has to request for protection and assistance to Humanitarian Programs. After that process, they are officially granted by the Australian Government the visa.
The offshore group of the population can obtain the following visas: Refugee visa (Subclass 200), Global Special Humanitarian Program visa (Subclass 202), Emergency rescue visa (Subclass 203), In-country special humanitarian Program visa (Subclass 201), and Woman at risk visa (Subclass 204).
There are two subcategories within the offshore population category:
1) The first subcategory is Refugees category for the individuals that need resettlement because of the fear of being persecuted in their home country.
2) The second subcategory is the Special Humanitarian Program (SHP) category for the individuals that had suffered discrimination outside of their home country. In that subcategory, families of SPH candidates need to be sponsored and can obtain offshore protection visas granted by the Australian