Assess the Importance of Inside School Factors in Causing Social Class Differences in Educational Achievement

717 Words Jun 29th, 2013 3 Pages
CRAM Exclusive
Essay Sample
Sociology explanations have suggested many different reasons for the class base differences in education achievement. Studies have shown that there is a 45% gap between classes in A* - C GCSE outcomes. It is suggested that the diversity in educational success between different classes are due to inside factors. These are factors within schools and the education system that could cause these differences. One internal factor is labelling. To label someone is to attach a meaning or definition to

middle of document…

Sets refer to the subject ability based groups and streams refer to groups of students taught for all subjects in the same ability group – they are both forms of labelling. Some studies show that middle class children are put into the higher sets and streams whereas the working class are found lower down. This affects students because sets and streams determines which GCSE paper the students to (higher or foundation) and determines their grade. Also, students are more likely to socialise and form group with people in their sets and streams. Studies by sociologists have shown that setting and streaming actually have little impact on overall attainment but without it, it would divide the classes.
Another internal factor is the hidden curriculum which is theorised by Marxist sociologists. The hidden curriculum refers to what’s taught in schools but does not conform to the official curriculum and which is not openly discussed or agreed upon. Examples of these are obedience, politeness and equality. There is an unspoken agreement, for example, that if you look at which students constitute the bottom sets in school, that they will be primarily working class boys.
Lastly, pupil subcultures are an internal factor that affects achievement. Subcultures are the end result of the labelling process as those who are mainly the working class end up in anti-school subcultures and those with positive, mainly the middle class
CRAM Exclusive

Related Documents

  • Assess the View That Factors Within a School Are the Main Cause for Social Class Differences in Educational Achievement (20 Marks)

    Some sociologists argue that the factor of labelling doesn’t hold full responsibility for the difference in educational achievement as this point doesn’t take into account external factors that could cause this labelling. Material deprivation could cause labelling due to the child not being able to afford the trending clothes, having a poor diet which results to being tired due to lack of energy or hyper due to lots of sweets. Cultural deprivation could also have effect on labelling due to not having

    Words: 1610 - Pages: 7
  • Asses the View That Inside School Factors in Causing Social Class Differences in Educational Acheivement

    to 1300 A.D. According to Comte in this stage ‘All theoretical conception, whether general or special bear a supernatural impress.’ It was believed that all the activities of men were guided and governed by supernatural power. In this stage, the social and physical world was produced by God. At this stage, man’s thinking was guided by theological dogmas. It was marked by lack of logical and orderly thinking. Theological thinking is characterized by unscientific out look. In other words, at this

    Words: 5551 - Pages: 23
  • Assess the view that factors and processes within the school are the main cause of differences in educational achievement of different social groups.

    idea of the hidden curriculum means that schools are preparing students for middle class jobs with middle class ideas. Also the idea that middle class teachers get on better with idle class students also reinforces the idea of teacher’s expectations which can lead to self-fulfilling prophecy and students either over or under achieving. One more in-school factor would be pupil subcultures and how streaming and setting can lead to both anti and pro school subcultures, This again links to the idea

    Words: 734 - Pages: 3
  • Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere, Asses the View That Social Class Differences in Educational Achievement Are the Result of School Processes Such as Labelling.

    and do what is expected of that particular label. However, this can advantage working class children to work against their label and achieve the best possible grades. According to the Sutton Trust 80% of ethnic minority pupils aspire to go to university. This goes on to show that labelling working class children can affect their final grade. Another process that school use that affect educational achievement is streaming. This process is when students are put into groups according to capability

    Words: 871 - Pages: 4
  • Importance of Social Class Essay

    luxuries that were initially reserved for social elite citizens. Initially, economies paid homage to social elites because they were the drivers of economies. They conducted massive businesses that made it possible for countries to be self-reliant. These social elites formed the backbone of societies because they employed a host of middle and lower class citizens in their ventures. However, recent insights have shown that the middle and the lower class citizens contribute immensely in economic health

    Words: 1644 - Pages: 7
  • Assess the View That the Working Class Underachievement in School Is Because of Home Circumstances.

    for educational attainment in their early years. Douglas’ research suggested that middle class parents showed more interest than working class parents concluding that the parent’s interest was the most important factor affecting achievement. Barry Sugarman thought that there were social class subcultures were norms, values and attitudes were typical of each class. He described the working class subculture as three things, firstly fatalistic. This is the attitude that the working class accept

    Words: 1204 - Pages: 5
  • The Relative Importance of Physical and Human Factors in Causing Change in Ecosystems

    Other physical factors such as humidity, wind speed and temperature will also have an impact upon the ecosystem however the changes will be far more subtle as it is most likely just to change the rate of growth and development of the vegetation rather than its ability to survive. Human factors often have a bigger impact on ecosystems than can be perceived from the surface as usually a factor which only impacts one species directly will have an impact on the whole food web it is involved in. For

    Words: 913 - Pages: 4
  • Race, Gender and Social Class Within The School System Essay

    capitals interact with each other, in many different people. ( In this essay I will be discussing the topics of ‘Race’, Gender and Social Class with regard to Curriculum Design, Schooling Experience and Schooling Achievements. Where ‘race’ is concerned, the curriculum has been a critical site of struggle between competing perspectives. For many, the school curriculum is the place where one would find what it is that young people need to know, what it is they must know, in order to be appropriately

    Words: 1881 - Pages: 8
  • Factors Affecting English Achievement of First Year Students of Compra National High School

    Basically it is anchored on the theory of Livenger (1994) on the different factors influencing student’s achievement in school. This is supported by Slavin (1997) and Bloom (1994). This study utilized the theory of Levinger (1994) on the factors affecting the school achievement of students. He stated that “attendance and achievement in school are influenced by a number of factors including the capacity of the learner as a bio-social organism to process and respond to stimuli. Livenger (1994) argues

    Words: 8680 - Pages: 35
  • Essay on Social Class in Education

    existence of unequal education opportunities is a sign that the economy is under-performing. Studies have shown there are large achievement cracks between students from low and high socio-economic status families. Students from high social class families have much higher educational results than students from low SES families. According to the Save Our Schools website, author of Choice or Equity in Education? By Trevor Cobbold quotes “41% of students from low SES families fail to complete Year

    Words: 945 - Pages: 4