Aristotle 's Book And Book V. It Is The Greatest Of Moral Virtues

1289 Words Nov 9th, 2015 6 Pages
Aristotle Book II and Book V It is Aristotle’s claim that justice is the greatest of the moral virtues. To be just one has to perform acts not only for one’s own good but for the good of others (whether that is the government, your neighbor or another individual). Attaining a character of justice only comes by habit and the activities one performs. Injustice can be differentiated from justice as: acts performed to the detriment of oneself and others, and composes the entirety of vice. (Aristotle. Nicomachean Ethics: Book II. Paragraph 1, Book V, Paragraph 1.) Aristotle claims that there are two virtues: intellectual and moral. Intellectual virtue is gained through teaching, whereas moral virtue is gained through habit. Through the same means and activities we can either produce or destroy virtue and so we gain justice through just acts. (Aristotle. Nicomachean Ethics: Book II. Paragraph 1.) This point is relevant to his thesis because he claims that moral virtue is learned by practice so to be a virtuous person one has to act in each situation in a just or unjust manner. Aristotle also says that justice means being lawful and fair while acting to the benefit of oneself and others. The just person will also be virtuous since justice is the greatest of all the virtues and is practiced through a habit of just acts. (Aristotle. Nicomachean Ethics: Book V. Paragraph 1. ) He brings up this point because to act in a just manner you have to act lawfully and fair and make a habit…

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