Are Classical Approaches to Organizational Behavior Relevant in Today

1326 Words Mar 25th, 2013 6 Pages
Growth and change in nature and structure of organizations have made the ability of management to develop new approaches vital. Since the end of 19th century the conception of an organization has evolved and altered into various forms. When discussing classical management models, it is of great importance to take into consideration that they originated in past, not current economic and social conditions. Therefore, implementing a clear classical approach could hardly lead to anything else but the reasons for the necessity of its very change in the past. On the other hand, modern management models are a result of decades long development in the management practice. Understanding the basic models they originated from makes a manager more …show more content…
Individual interest was subordinate to general interest but the workers had to establish Esprit de corps and feel good in the team.

The Scientific Theory model, however, is critiqued for its inability to take into consideration the human factor. An example is the critique by O’Toole on Alfred Sloan’s management of General Motors. O’Toole argued that Sloan built a very objective organization, which paid significant attention to "policies, systems, and structures and not enough to people, principles, and values. Sloan, the quintessential engineer, had worked out all the intricacies and contingencies of a foolproof system." But this system left out employees and society[1].

Human subjectivity was also considered to as an omission in the Scientific Theory. Relations between individuals were hardly synchronized and workers are subjective and react differently in different situations. Therefore management had to set another goal – to figure out a way to objectify the relations within the organization. Whereas Scientific Theory set the bases in systematization of discreet duties within the working process, Bureaucracy Theory rationalized further the relationships between the different units by establishing institutions based on the post of the worker in the company. Various posts were formally conceptualized according to their professional fields and their required characteristic features and inscribed into a system of regulations that guide the

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