Antimicrobial Drugs Affect The Cell Wall Essay

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The 5 modes of action for antimicrobial drugs can affect the cell wall. It affects the peptidoglycan layer on the cell wall. It does this by breaking the peptidoglycan chains apart. An example of a drug is penicillin, methicillin and ampicillin. The second thing they can do is affect the plasma membrane. They do this by breaking up the lipids o the plasma membrane. Some drugs that do this are polymyxin, bacitracin. Most are antibacterial and anti-fungal drugs. The third thing they can do I s affect he protein synthesis, by affecting the ribosomes. Some of the drugs are streptomycin and tetracycline, which can cause yellow teeth. The fourth thing they do is inhibit the nucleic acids by us binding up enzymes so they can’t replicate DNA. Some drug examples are Rifamycin and …show more content…
We can also push out microbes that we don’t want in our system. A drug that does this is sulfa.
Nosocomial Infection are infections that are acquire thru a health care facility. Only 10% of people in hospitals acquire a nosocomial infection. The most common nosocomial infections are E. coli, enterococcus, staphylococcus aureus, and pseudomonas. All of these microbes are responsible for half the infection. The types of Nosocomial infections are UTI’S, post-surgery infections, respiratory infections and skin infections. They all can be acquire by staying at a hospital, working at a health care clinic, nursing homes and other places that health care is provided. We can also acquire them by touching unsterilized objects or disposable materials. For example we may touch linens that may have microbes that will cause you an infection. We can control the nosocomial infections by reducing the number of pathogens that patients are exposed to. We can control the infections by having proper hygiene, which means handwashing before and after working with a patient. Also by having an epidemiologist that studies diseases in populations. They will help by

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