Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria And Antibiotics Essay

1599 Words Dec 2nd, 2014 null Page
Introduction
Antibiotic resistant bacteria infect more than two million people and kill around 23,000 people in the United States annually (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013, p. 11). In addition, antibiotic resistant bacteria cost the United States over twenty billion dollars in healthcare and are estimated to reduce productivity by thirty-five billion dollars in the US alone (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013, p. 11). According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2013), “Antibiotics are among the most commonly prescribed drugs used in human medicine. However, up to 50% of all the antibiotics prescribed for people are not needed or are not optimally effective as prescribed” (p. 11). Antibiotics are designed to treat infections caused by bacteria, meaning they are not effective against viruses, fungi, nematodes or protozoans (CDC, 2013). Maximizing the effective use of antibiotics is vital to stopping new resistant strains of bacteria because the presence of antibiotics in the environment directly relates to antibiotic resistance (CDC, 2013). There are two antibiotic resistant bacteria that together cause over half of the infections and about three-fourths of the deaths per year caused by antibiotic resistant bacteria in the United States (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013, p. 16). These fearsome bacteria are multidrug-resistant Streptococcus pneumonia (DRSP) and Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus…

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