Essay on Antibiotic Resistance Of Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria

830 Words Oct 27th, 2015 4 Pages
The potential for the widespread use of biocidal agents to contribute to the development and selection of antibiotic resistant microorganisms.

Recently there has been a widespread growth in antibiotic resistance in various organisms such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus. Is generally, thought to be because of an extensive and overused approach to use of antimicrobial agents in veterinary and domestic surfaces as well as in the treatment of human conditions. Also because of the use of biocidals in the food preparations both domestically and industrially as well as sanitizing health care and domestic properties (Dixon, 2000, Feinman, 1999, Magee et al). This is likely to have caused selective pressures for the emergence of drug resistant bacteria (Levy, 1998, Russell, 2000) Infections of multi drug resistant bacteria. These infections are still known to be on the rise because of the evolutionary antimicrobial resistance strategies which include cell impermeability, the mutation of target sites, drug efflux pumps and drug inactivation have meant that emergence of highly resistant bacteria to different antimicrobials especially in food bourne pathogens.

Bacterial resistance due to biocides; antiseptics, disinfectants and preservatives, used in a variety of forms (Hugo, 1991) has been described in the 1950’s and since then an increase after this because of an increased use in the food industry and for sanitary reasons. The…

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