Essay on Analyzing Psychological Disorders

2061 Words Feb 25th, 2014 9 Pages
Analyzing Psychological Disorders
Jeannie Hopkins
Dr. Brooke Morford

A psychological disorder is known as a mental disorder; it is a pattern of behavioral or psychological symptoms that impact multiple life areas and/or create distress for the person experiencing these symptoms. According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), approximately 26 percent of American adults over the age of 18 suffer from some type of diagnosable mental disorder in a given year (The Numbers Count: Mental Disorders in America). Almost half of that also meet criteria for 2 or more disorders, with severity strongly related to comorbidity. Mental disorders are diagnosed based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental
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Long, 1995-2009). Schizophrenia is a psychosis in which a person cannot tell what is real from what is imagined. They hear voices that other people don't hear and believe people can read their mind and even control their thoughts. A sudden change in personality and behavior occurs when this happens and they lose touch with reality, this is called a psychotic episode (Schizophrenia Health Center. Schizophrenia: An Overview, 2005-2013).
Long explains that “in the development of schizophrenia, the earliest structural deficits in the brain are found in parietal brain regions, supporting visuospatial and associative thinking” (Phillip W. Long, 1995-2009). It is also explained in the National Institute of Mental Health that scientists think an imbalance in the complex, interrelated chemical reactions of the brain involving the neurotransmitters dopamine and glutamate, and possibly others, plays a role in schizophrenia (The Numbers Count: Mental Disorders in America). Research has also shown there is significant loss of brain mass in schizophrenia patients and disruption of connection within the brain. These underlying neurological lesions are believed to cause the cognitive impairments that are the main features of schizophrenia such as impaired executive functioning, cognitive slowing, apathy, memory impairment, and poor concentration (Phillip W. Long, 1995-2009).

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