Kohlberg's Six Stages Of Moral Reasoning

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Among the theories of human development, the one I most agree with is Kohlberg’s six stages of moral reasoning. Kohlberg’s theory outlines the stages of moral reasoning in a simplistic manner that one can follow and understand the process of each stage of the infant to adulthood life cycle. The first level 1, age 4 to 10 years includes stage 1 – 'Punishment and Obedience Orientation'. The child obeys rules given by others to avoid punishment. As such, the child does not fully understand the concept of rules others have given him for guidance, but follows it to avoid being punished. I think this theory may be relevant in a general sense, but some children at stage 1 exceed their threshold. In that, they mature faster and are able to …show more content…
Read the article “Children Reject Training – Parents Reinforce Negative Behavior” on page 79 of the syllabus. Summarize the writer’s points in your own words, and critique the writer’s perspective.

Parents have good intentions of training their children to adopt positive behavior, but the very strategies they employ works against them in achieving their goals. Parents may yell, talk, admonish, punish their children, but it does not change their behavior. It only reinforces the misbehavior. There are common strategies parents can employ to address misbehavior of children. Age 2 through 4, children are unable to control themselves, only what they want is priority. They are also unable to respond to verbal explanations of right and wrong and identify their views against others. Young children also have a tendency to interpret talk as getting attention. Parents can identify situations that may cause misbehavior with brief time out. "One minute for each year of age". This must be done selectively, because toddlers fuss and whine, but bad behavior must be addressed to prevent risk or danger to
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Children must be able to identify why they are being punished. As kids enter school years, disciplining becomes easier, because they have the ability to reason. They may also back talk, which should be addressed, because it may cause distraction to the discipline. Children can be allowed freedom to complete task on their timing, but if it is not done, they should be denied privileges until completed. Reward should only be given when they behave well. Parents now has the opportunity to reason with children at this stage concerning disciplining. The theorist Kohlberg suggest that children ages 4 to 10 follow rules because they want to avoid punishment. Therefore, if parents use autocratic style of parenting, most likely children will only follow the rules because of the authority figure and not because it is the right thing to do. As such, parents will be able to influence changed behavior by reasoning with children, about the problem, to help them understand the consequences of their

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