Case Study: Bronfenbrenner's Model

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Case Study - Dawn
Numerous changes can occur during different stages of child development; each change is unique to the individual caused by enteral processes, the environment in which they develop and interaction with the people who surround them. Bronfenbrenner’s model describes factors that affect child development both directly and indirectly. Proximal variables such as interaction between mother and child to intermediate variables such as marital discord. (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015) Dawn is a 4 year girl who started out as an only child. When Dawn was 3 years old, Terry had her second child, Darren who is suffering with congenital heart problems. He needs a lot of attention from his mother which fills the majority of her day. His father
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Studies show that children with difficult temperaments are more likely to show aggressive behavior, but, how aggressive they become is dependent on the parents’ disciplinary and interactive styles (Mesman, et. al., 2009) According to Piaget’s Cognitive stages of Development a child at Dawn’s age has not developed logical thinking and will only focus on a single piece of information. (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015) For example, in our case study Dawn sees that her father is not around and her mother is spending more time with the baby than her. At this age Dawn cannot fully comprehend the changes that are taking place within her family. She may notices the changes that are occurring with her family but lacks the cognitive ability to accept the new information into her existing framework. (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015) Right now Dawn’s egocentrism, perception of the world, is in relation to herself only. (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015) It is practically impossible for Dawn to see things from another person’s point of view. Therefore, Dawn does not understand the changes that have taken place in her family, in her mother’s behavior and her father’s absence. (Steinberg, 2014) Intervention is warranted and necessary, not with Dawn but with her …show more content…
Therefore parent training is recommended. Most childhood interventions aimed at enhancing parenting practices in order to change the child’s behavior have proven most effective. (Stolk, M. N., et al., 2008) Parenting intervention is depended upon the elements of the context in which an intervention is carried out. Parental depression and lack of support have been reported to diminish the effectives of an intervention. (Mcdonald, Dodson, Rosenfield, & Jouriles, 2011) Bill’s absence may not have as profound of an effect on Dawn’s behavior as first lead to believe. Although he maybe away from home more than usual, Dawn spent majority of her day with her mother. Terry’s actions towards Dawn will have a stronger influence in counter acting her aggressive

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