American History-Hiroshima and Memory Essay

1821 Words Apr 13th, 2014 8 Pages
Hiroshima and memory
Background
During the final stage of World War II 1945, the United States conducted the atomic bombings of the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan. Such events are the only use of nuclear weapons in the world. The atomic bombs were created by the Manhattan Project, which was a research and development program established by the United States with the United Kingdom and Canada that produced the first atomic bomb during World War II.
The United States called for a surrender of Japan in the Potsdam Declaration on 26 July 1945 by threatening Japan with “prompt and utter destruction”. However, such ultimatum was ignored by the Japanese government. Thus, two nuclear weapons that developed by the Manhattan Project
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Besides, supporters argued that bombing is part of a war and it is inevitable to end the war. On the other hand, oppositions opined that bombings were fundamentally immoral and were considered as war crimes against humanity. A number of scientists who worked on the bomb were against the use of bomb. They submitted a report to the United States government to object the use of atomic bombs. Many of oppositions argued that the war could be ended without the use of atomic bomb. However, the use of atomic bombs was insisted by the United States government.
Before the action of nuclear weapon, the war between the United States and Japan caused many casualties and loss of money to the United States. The Americans anticipated losing many soldiers in the planned invasion of Japan. When the United States called for a surrender of Japan with the threat of nuclear weapon, it was refused by the Japanese military government. Therefore, the United States decided to drop the atomic bombs in two cities of Japan in order to stop the war as soon as possible. The United States selected Hiroshima and Nagasaki was the military targets were appropriate choices as Hiroshima was a strategic military headquarters and Nagasaki was an industrial center. The blast could hurt more people if the United States drops the bomb in Tokyo.
During the World War II, Japan killed many people during their invasion in other countries

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