Agriculture And Its Effects On The World Essay

973 Words Sep 6th, 2016 4 Pages
While many people focus on saving water by turning off the sink while you brush your teeth and taking shorter showers, the focus is shifted away from how much water irrigation and other agriculture techniques use. Today developed countries have started to try and conserved water through various methods and inventions such as, water saving toilets, sinks, and showers. One of the major areas that we do not think of water waste is agriculture, one of the biggest uses for freshwater in the world. According to the USDA 80 percent of the nation’s water usage goes to Agriculture and over 90 percent in Western states. According to Johnathan Foley “Agriculture is the single most powerful force released on this planet sine the Ice Age” (Foley). The United States alone pumps over 128 billion gallons of water a day for irrigation of crops, from rivers and underground aquifers (USGS). Irrigation techniques use about 70% of freshwater withdrawals from water sources, and about 40% of freshwater is dedicated to irrigation in the US (Aillery). More than 50% of water used in irrigation is lost to evaporation, evapotranspiration and lost in transit. The most common type of irrigation in the United States is flood irrigation which involves flooding a field with a pond into a field to soak into the plot. This method is extremely inefficient as a huge quantity of water runs off of the surface and evaporates, or leaks through pipes (USGS).Farmers usually level off plots of land to prevent run off…

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