Aggression Is a Basic Instinct in Animal While Its a Learned Behaviour in Human Being

1743 Words Sep 12th, 2013 7 Pages
Instinct
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For other uses, see Instinct (disambiguation). Look up instinct in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Instinct or innate behavior is the hypothetical inherent inclination of a living organism toward a particular complex behavior.
The simplest example of an instinctive behavior is a fixed action pattern, in which a very short to medium length sequence of actions, without variation, are carried out in response to a clearly defined stimulus.

An instinctive behavior of shaking water from wet fur.

A baby
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Reflexes are similar to fixed action patterns in that most reflexes meet the criteria of a FAP. However, a fixed action pattern can be processed in the brain as well; a male stickleback's instinctive aggression towards anything red during his mating season is such an example. Examples of instinctive behaviors in humans include many of the primitive reflexes, such as rooting and suckling, behaviors which are present in mammals.
Maturational instincts[edit source | editbeta]

Some instinctive behaviors depend on maturational processes to appear. For instance, we commonly refer to birds "learning" to fly. However, young birds have been experimentally reared in devices that prevent them from moving their wings until they reached the age at which their cohorts were flying. These birds flew immediately and normally when released, showing that their improvement resulted from neuromuscular maturation and not true learning.[4]
History[edit source | editbeta]

Primitive reflexes
In biology[edit source | editbeta]
Jean Henri Fabre, an entomologist, considered instinct to be any behavior which did not require cognition or consciousness to perform. Fabre's inspiration was his intense study of insects, some of whose behaviors he wrongly considered fixed and not subject to environmental influence.[5]
Instinct as a concept fell out of favor in the 1920s with the

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