Afghanistan Under Taliban Rule : Implications On Women 's Rights

1752 Words Oct 14th, 2016 8 Pages
Afghanistan Under Taliban Rule: Implications on Women’s Rights and U.S. Foreign Policy
Background
Throughout history the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan has faced numerous invasions, a series of civil wars and enormous bloodshed. In 1978 the People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan seized power in a coup against President Mohamed Daoud in what is known as the Saur Revolution . This revolution is said to be the catalyst for upheaval and armed resistance that would follow for the next 20 years. Opposition of the communist regime resulted in the rise of guerilla mujahideen forces that quickly escalated into a civil war. The Soviet Union sent thousands of advisors in support of the PDPA government and soon established a soviet-organized government to stabilized Afghanistan under Babrak Karmal’s leadership . All the while the United States and Saudi Arabian government supported anti-Soviet mujahideen forces with weapons, military training and financial support under the covert Central Intelligence Agency’s Operation Cyclone in syndicate with Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence. U.S. financial support that reached over $620 million a year, promptly ended with the withdrawal of Soviet troops in 1989 . However, the Soviet Union continued to financially support President Mohammad Najibullah until his ousting in 1992. The Peshawar Accord of 1992, a peace and power sharing agreement between all major Afghan resistance parties, established the Islamic State of Afghanistan . However,…

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