Advantages And Disadvantages Of Oral Communication

1997 Words 8 Pages
SECTION A

A1. Definition:
Communication is imparting or exchanging of information by speaking, writing or using some other medium.

Communication process:

 Sender: The person who intends to convey the message with the intention of passing information and ideas to others is known as sender or communicator.
 Ideas: this is the subject matter of the communication. This may be an opinion, attitude, feeling, views, orders, or suggestions.
 Encoding: The subject matter further passing requires use of certain symbols such as words, actions or pictures etc. conversion of subject matter into these symbols is the process of encoding.
 Communication channel/ Message: The person who is interested in communicating has to choose the channel
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Definition
Oral communication involves expressing and sharing ideas and information as well as influencing others through verbal symbols (non-written). Oral communication implies communication through mouth. It includes individual conversing with each other. Oral communication is generally recommended when the communication matter is of temporary kind or where a direct interaction is required.
Advantages and Disadvantages of oral communication
Furthermore, Oral communication is used widely when rapid or immediate action is required. When workload becomes high, the executives just transmit a message over telephone or call a snap conference or give oral instructions to the subordinates. Oral communication is more useful in communicating in message with groups at meetings. Senior officers can motivate subordinates by face to face communication.
Another important advantage of oral communication is that it produces quick feedback. The receiver and the sender both can adjust the message depending on their conversation and therefore each one gets immediate feedback and the receiver can ask any question directly to the sender for better understand of the message clearly. Oral communication enjoys huge flexibility. It does not require to maintain formalities so, that the content of the message can be changed at any time as
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The words you are speaking should be in accordance with your body language, facial expressions and gestures. To improve the communication attend the coaching skills or take help from your seniors.
Barriers to oral Communication
There are many barriers to communication and they may occur at any stage in the communication process. Barriers may lead to your message becoming distorted and it’s very important to be aware of the barriers in oral communication.
The common barriers to this communication is the use of jargon like over-complicated, unfamiliar and technical terms. Some people may find it difficult to express their emotions and some topics may be completely “off-limits”. Lack of interest, attention, distractions or irrelevance to the receiver and differences in perception and viewpoint. In addition to this physical disabilities such as hearing problems or speech difficulties may occur.
Furthermore, language differences and the difficulty in understanding unfamiliar accents. People often hear what they expect to hear rather than what is actually said and jump into incorrect conclusion. The social interaction vary greatly in different cultures as the way in which emotions are

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