Adler 's Theories On Social Interest Essay

1446 Words Oct 9th, 2015 6 Pages
Adler’s Theories on Social Interest
Fictional Finalism
Alfred Adler supported the belief that “people are motivated by expectations of the future,” (Ellis, Abrams, & Abrams, 2009, p.159). Adler borrowed the term fiction from the philosopher, Hans Vaihinger, who wrote a book in 1911 called The Philosophy of “As If.” Vaihinger used the term to explain ideas that were not necessarily wrong or inaccurate, but because “they are not hypotheses that can be tested,” (Ellis et. al, 2009, p.159).
Adler advocated that these self-created fictions were the centerpiece of explaining human motivation. Adler felt that fictions helped motivate people “to complete tasks and achieve various goals.” A few examples that were mentioned in the textbook that resulted in positive behaviors are: “Honesty is the best policy,” “God loves us,” and “If at first you don’t succeed, try, try again,” (Ellis et. al, 2009, p.159).
Adler’s theory supported the idea that a person with a ‘healthy personality’ could disregard these fictions when he/she no longer deemed these notions as valuable or useful. The main difference between a healthy personality and someone that consists of neurotic behavior(s) is that the healthy individual is able to make specific distinctions about reality, while the other individual cannot.
I agree with Adler that in general people are motivated by future outcomes of situations or specific goals one has set for him/her. I don’t know that I would use the term “fiction” to describe…

Related Documents