Acceptance And Commitment Therapy : The Third Wave Of Behavior Therapy

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Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is the third wave of behaviour therapy (Öst, 2008; Hayes, 2004), which has some different focal points from traditional behaviour therapy and cognitive behaviour therapy. Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) focuses on discussing and changing an individual’s thoughts and the focal points also include the function of problematic cognition rather than the content of private experiences; whereas, traditional behaviour therapy focuses on observable and measurable behaviour and interacts with the behaviour directly and not focusing considerably on individual private events (Webster, 2011). However, ACT focuses on the relationship between each person and their thoughts (Fletcher, & Hayes, 2005). ACT is a modern behavioural psychotherapy which uses the process of mindfulness and behaviour change to enhance the individual’s psychological flexibility. According to Hofmann (2008) and Zettle (2005), ACT is based on behaviour analysis as it attempts to adopt verbal and rule-governed behaviour concepts into clinical psychology issues.

Although ACT and CBT focus on different points i.e. ACT solves maladaptive response-focus of emotion regulation procedures, while CBT advocates alterable antecedent-focus of emotion regulation processes; however, they are both focused on encouraging adaptive emotion regulation procedures (Hofmann, & Asmundson, 2008). ACT also focuses on private events and does not change the form or frequency of individual’s private…

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