Albert Ellis is the founder of the first cognitive behavior therapy rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT). This form of therapy has a lot in common with other forms of therapies that are oriented towards cognitive and behavior approaches in that it stresses thinking, judging, deciding, analyzing, and doing. The underlying belief of REBT is that people contribute to their psychological problems by their strict beliefs about life events and experiences. The assumption is that cognitions, emotions, and behaviors have a significant effect on the client and their psychological state (Corey, 2013).
REBT is constructed based on the hypothesis that an individual’s emotions come from their personal beliefs and views. These beliefs then influence that individual’s evaluations and interpretations of their real life situations. Through the course of therapy, it is the goal that the client will learn new skills to identify and change the irrational beliefs that have accumulated and become part of their daily practices. The therapist helps the clients learn how to replace these ineffective thoughts with effective and rational cognitions so they can change their emotional reactions to their experiences (Corey,