Abdullah Ahmed Azzam And Al-Qaeda

1795 Words 7 Pages
Dr. Abdullah Yusuf Azzam was of colossal importance to the development of Islamic militant radicalism and his ideas were a significant foundational support of the establishment and structure of al-Qaeda. Azzam was born in 1941 in Jenin, Palestine, where previously to Azzam’s birth, the British under the Balfour Declaration of 1917 was under the obligation of providing and maintaining in Palestine, a nation for the home of the Jewish people. This declaration was made between the Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to Walter Rothschild of the Rothschild magnate, who was a leader of the British Jewish community. This action did not go well with the Arab leaders at the time, and was considered by the Arab community as a betrayal. Jonathan Schneer …show more content…
Sheikh Omar Abdel-Rahman also attended Al-Azhar University under the professorship of Dr. Azzam and met Usama bin Laden there also. He earned his Ph.D. in tafsir which is the exegesis of the Quran. Dr. Azzam would have instilled a fighting attitude in both and would have discussed the importance of active participation in the fight. Abdel-Rahman would go on to lead the Al-Gama’a al-Islamiyya or The Islamic Group, who were dedicated to overthrowing the Egyptian government, specifically President Nasser, for his sectarian views. Abdel-Rahman also was associated with was revered by the Egyptian Islamic Jihad, led by Ayman al-Zawahiri who becomes al-Qaeda principle. Abdel-Rahmanm, while in Egyptian prison writes a fatwa that results in the assassination of Anwar Sadat by the Egyptian Islamic Jihad. Abdel-Rahman is now serving a life sentence with solitary confinement without parole in the Butner Federal Medical Center in North Carolina, convicted of seditious …show more content…
The basis for the answer is found in Ussul al Fiqh or the basis of deep knowledge, the principles of Islamic jurisprudence and is considered the root of Islamic law. Ussul al Fiqh is taken from four aspects, the Quran and the Sunnah or verbal record of teachings, deeds and permissions or disapprovals of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, the consensus (Ijma) of all Muslim scholars and analogical reason (qiyas) or rule by precedent.
The persistence of conflict in a defined offensive Jihad, Azzam’s call to everyone’s obligation to participate in Jihad, made Azzam unique among Militant Islamist ideologies. Azzam saw the triumph of the Islamic empire being seeded from al-Qaida al Sulba (firm foundation) in the victory of the Afghan-Soviet War. Which would spring outwards toward the world changing forever world

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