A Research Study On Sickle Cell Disease Essay

1228 Words Oct 6th, 2016 5 Pages
Sickle cell disease is a major health burden in the Indian community. It contributes to millions of deaths worldwide however it is most prevalent in tribal populations in the rural sectors of India. “Sickle cell disease or SCD is an inherited abnormality of the red blood cell characterized by chronic haemolytic anemia with numerous clinical consequences” (Ugwu 87). The shape of hemoglobin, which gives red blood cells their color is turned from an oval to a crescent shape when the sickle cell gene is present. The sickle shaped cells cause blockage of capillaries which leads to many symptoms such as chronic pain, pneumonia, severe anemia, and increased risk for infections (Powars 1). Sickle cell disease studies from the United States and Jamaica confirm that this disease leads to the greatest morbidity and mortality rates between 6 and 12 month olds (Upadhye, et al. 1). New technology is constantly helping reduce mortality rates and advance knowledge on sickle cell disease in India. In this research I set out to prove that new technological advances in neonatal screening are directly lowering the rate of sickle cell related deaths in India. In “Neonatal Screening and the Clinical Outcome in Children with Sickle Cell Disease in Central India”, researchers from the National Institute of Immunohematology state that early identification of affected infants by neonatal screening, careful follow up coupled with relatively simpler measures decreased mortality rates(Upadhye et al.…

Related Documents