Patients with a high plaque index present a case management issue for dental professionals. Oral hygiene instruction is implemented as a therapy and prevention tool by dental hygienists to reduce the plaque index. A common question asked by patients is the effectiveness of a manual toothbrush over an electric toothbrush. The PICO question is “For a patient with an accumulation of plaque, will an electric toothbrush, compared to a manual toothbrush, be an effective tool in the reduction of the plaque”. The studies included within the search are meta-analysis and systematic reviews. The main topics included in the search are manual toothbrush, power toothbrush, and plaque index. Alternate search terms used are electric toothbrush, sonic toothbrush, and oscillating toothbrush. The irrelevant terms that were left out of the search were toothpaste, mouth rinse, and dental floss.
Van der Weijden, FA, & Slot, DE. (2015). Efficacy of homecare regimens for mechanical plaque removal in managing gingivitis a meta review. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 42 (Suppl. 16), S77-S88).
The researchers note the use of toothbrush are an effective mechanism for removing plaque. Although manual toothbrushes and fluoridated toothpaste are in common use in homes today, research has shown that individuals are not effectively cleaning their teeth enough to remove the accumulation of plaque. The purpose of the meta-analysis was to summarize the gathered evidence in…