The Negative Effects Of Diabetes And Periodontal Disease

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Diabetes Diabetes and oral diseases are very closely related. In fact, an alarming ninety three percent of diabetic individuals in the United States also have periodontal disease, according to Sindelar (2013, p. 56). Moreover, diabetes and periodontal disease have a bi-directional relationship; as in diabetes can have a negative effect on periodontal disease just as periodontal disease can negatively affect diabetes. Therefore, maintaining oral health and practicing good oral hygiene is extremely important for individuals with diabetes, to avoid complications with either disease.
Diabetes, as previously mentioned, is a risk factor for periodontal disease. Diabetes is known to cause an increase in vulnerability to infections, inflammation, and poor healing ability, according to Offenbacher et al. (2005, p. 171), and therefore, becomes a risk factor for periodontal disease, negatively impacting the body’s (cells) ability to assist in fighting the inflammation/infection and kill bacteria. Additionally, periodontal disease has an adverse affect on diabetes as well, so the relationship between the two can go both ways.
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Going back to the risk factors for dental caries, diabetes is known to cause Xerostomia, which is a common problem linked to diabetes in addition to other systemic diseases. Diabetes is known to affect the function of the salivary glands, limiting the secretory capability of the glands (Offenbacher, Southerland, & Taylor, 2005, p.174). Saliva is an important aid to oral health as it assists in neutralizing the acidic levels and wash away some bacteria that would otherwise adhere to the teeth’s dry surfaces. Xerostomia can also lead to enlarged parotid glands, inflammation of the lips, tongue and buccal mucosa (cheeks), infection of the salivary glands, halitosis (bad breath), and cracking of the oral mucosa (Offenbacher et al.,

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