4-Mat Review; Leming and Dickinson Essay

2460 Words Jul 31st, 2015 10 Pages
4-Mat Review; Leming and Dickinson
Laura Romine
Liberty University

Authors Leming and Dickinson (2011) bring the discussion of death, dying and bereavement into the 21st century. Focusing the reader’s attention with a renewed perspective in thanatology, authors help redefine, perpetuate conversation, and add relevance to the topic harmoniously. Orienting the reader to individualistic theories that reach beyond universal attentions, Leming and Dickinson (2011) guide the discussion into a new era of defining a natural, yet, unavoidable topic. A re-education of sorts, thanatology is revived in accordance to contemporary day and time.
Keywords: spirituality, death, dying, bereavement, suicide
4-Mat Review; Leming and
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Shifting times influence the rediscovery aspect of death dying and bereavement behaviors. Through the creation of symbols, social structure lends strength to rituals, thus creating connotation and shared manners. Within the lens of the sociological perspective, four theories help define death and dying respectively; conflict (social alteration and balance), structural-functional (societal stability and conservation), social exchange (subjective, interpretive and reciprocity), and symbolic interaction (independent, self-directed via social certainties) (Leming & Dickinson, 2011).
In chapter three, readers gain perspective through Freudian and Adlerian concepts pointing to the developmental need to conquer sympathies regarding death. Building upon the basic fear of death and humanistic denial, other individuals influenced meanings such as Piaget and Eriksen who instigated the need for further research and conceptualization of death and dying developmentally (Leming & Dickinson, 2011). Factors involved point to cognitive development, psychological wellbeing, prior life experiences, social and cultural factors among others. Authors thought it appropriate to start defining the experience developmentally, however, stress that other factors need to be taken into context as they develop their perspectives.
A child, as noted by Leming and Dickinson (2011),

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