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44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Consent of the Governed
People are the source of any&all governmental power
Limited Gov't
Gov't is not all powerful and may do only those things people have it the power to do
Rule of Law
The Gov. and those who govern are bound by law
In a democratic system of gov't, the people rule
Representative Gov't
People elect public officeholders to make laws and conduct gov't on their behalf
Charters of the VA Company of London
Rights of Englishmen guaranteed to colonists
The VA Declaration of Rights
Served as a model for the Bill of Rights of the Constitution of the USA
Declaration of Independence
Stated Grievances against the king of great britain; declared the colonies' independence from Great Britain; affirmed "certain unalienable rights"(life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness);established the idea that all people are equal under the law
Articles of Confederation
established the first from of national government;maintained that major powers resided with individual states;weakness of central gov't; led to the writing of the USA
Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom
Freedom of religious beliefs and opinions
Constitution of the United States, including the Bill of Rights
Establishes the structure of the US gov't; guarantees equality under the law with majority rule and the rights of the minority protected;affirms individual worth and dignity of all people; protects the fundamental freedoms of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition
sets forth the goals and purposes to be served by government; expresses the reason the Constitution was written
process of permanently moving to a new country
legal process to obtain citizenship
League of Women Voters
democratic institution
Due process of law
the constitutions protection against unfair gov't actions&laws
all of the people who are eligible to vote
open minded to new ideas
Keeping tradition; close minded to new ideas
Campaign Finance Reform
Rising campaign costs have led to efforts to reform campaign finance laws;limits exist on the individuals may contribute to political candidates and campaigns
Political Action Committees(PACS)
political organization establishes by a corporation, labor union, or other special interest group designed to support candidates by contributing money
Electoral College
a group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president
a person appointed to vote in presidential elections for the major candidates
representative or interest groups who seek to influence legislators
the branch of gov't that carries laws
the branch of gov't that interprets laws
Campaign Finance Reform
Rising campaign costs have led to efforts to reform campaign finance laws
Composed of or based on two legislative chambers or branches
checks and balances
Each one of the three branches of national gov't limits the exercise of power by the other two branches
expressed powers
Expressed powers are those powers directly stated in the Constitution
Implied Powers
Expressed powers are those powers directly stated in the Constitution
authority and responsibility to the different levels of government in a federal system.
Judicial Review
A court’s power of review of the decisions of lower courts or of the actions of other branches of government
Relating to a specific appeal or to appeals in general
Not a serious crime
a more serous crime
A court’s authority over persons or property brought before or appearing before it.
Civil law
a court settles a disagreement between two parties to recover damages or receive compensation
Criminal Law
A court determines whether a person accused of breaking a law is guilty or not guilty
Probable cause
a reasonable ground to believe that someone is committing or has committed an offense.
The first step in a criminal prosecution wherein the defendant is formally advised of the charges against him
An answer in an equity case telling why a suit should be barred, delayed, or dismissed
Files a complaint to recover damages or receive compensation in the procedure for civil case
In a criminal trial, the accused; in a civil proceeding, the person or entity against whom a claim is made.