Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/45

Click to flip

45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

According to the economic theory known as mercantilism:

the government should regulate economic activity so as to promote national power.

As English colonial society became more structured in the eighteenth century, what were the effects on women?

Women’s work became more clearly defined as tied closely to the home.

Bacon’s Rebellion contributed to which of the following in Virginia?

the replacing of indentured servants with African slaves on Virginia’s plantations

Bacon’s Rebellion was a response to:

worsening economic conditions in Virginia.

By the eighteenth century, consumer goods such as books and ceramic plates:

were found in many colonial residents’ homes.

Carolina grew slowly until:

rice as a staple crop was discovered to be extremely profitable.

During the colonial era, Philadelphia:

became home to a varied population of artisans and craftsmen.

English and Dutch merchants created a well-organized system for “redemptioners.” What was this system for?

for carrying indentured German families to America where they would work off their transportation debt

How did English rule affect the Iroquois Confederacy?

After a series of complex negotiations, both groups aided each other’s imperial ambitions.

How did the colonial elite view their role in society?

It meant the power to rule—the right of those blessed with wealth and prominence to dominate others.

How did the new Massachusetts charter of 1691 change that colony’s government?

It made Massachusetts a royal colony rather than under the control of Puritan “saints.”

In its early years, Carolina was the “colony of a colony” because its original settlers included many:

landless sons of wealthy planters in Barbados. Correct

In which one of the following ways did England reduce colonial autonomy during the 1680s?

It created the Dominion of New England, run by a royal appointee without benefit of an elected assembly.

Nathaniel Bacon:

actually was socially closer to the elite than to the indentured servants who supported him.

North American crops and products:

were part of a commercial trade network that knitted together a far-flung empire.

Of colonists in British North America, which group was the wealthiest?

South Carolina rice planters

Once Massachusetts became a royal colony in 1691:

it was required to abide by the English Act of Toleration, which displeased many Puritan leaders.

Pennsylvania’s treatment of Native Americans was unique in what way?

Pennsylvania purchased Indian land that was then resold to colonists and offered refuge to tribes driven out of other colonies.

Slave labor in the Chesapeake region increasingly supplanted indentured servitude during the last two decades of the seventeenth century, in part because:

improving conditions in England reduced the number of transatlantic migrants.

Slavery developed more slowly in North America than in the English West Indies because:

the high death rate among tobacco workers made it economically unappealing to pay more for a slave likely to die within a short time.

Spain’s laws touching on slavery:

gave slaves some opportunities to claim rights under the law in Spain’s American empire.

The Charter of Liberties and Privileges in New York:

created an elected assembly.

The first English Navigation Act:

aimed to wrest control of world trade from the Dutch.

The Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina:

proposed a feudal society in the New World, complete with hereditary nobility.

The Glorious Revolution witnessed uprisings in colonial America, including ones in:

New York and Maryland.

The separation of church and state:

existed only in a few colonies.

The Virginia slave code of 1705:

specified that slaves were property and subject to the will of their owner and the community at large.

To Quakers, liberty was:

a universal entitlement.

What commodity drove the African slave trade in Brazil and the West Indies during the seventeenth century?

sugar

What form of behavior did William Penn ban in his Pennsylvania colony?

swearing

What ironic consequence did William Penn’s generous policies, such as religious toleration and inexpensive land, have?

They contributed to the increasing reliance of Virginia and Maryland on African slave labor.

What sparked a new period of colonial expansion for England in the mid-seventeenth century?

the restoration of the monarchy in 1660

What was one of Pennsylvania’s only restrictions on religious liberty?

Holding office required an oath affirming a belief in Jesus Christ, which eliminated Jews from serving.

What was the Covenant Chain?

an alliance made by the governor of New York and the Iroquois Confederacy

What was William Penn’s most fundamental principle?

religious freedom

When England took over the Dutch colony that became New York:

the English ended the Dutch tradition of allowing married women to conduct business in their own names.

When the Virginia House of Burgesses decreed that religious conversion did not release a slave from bondage:

it meant that, under Virginia law, Christians could own other Christians.

Which one of the following fits the description of a person most likely to have been accused of witchcraft in seventeenth-century New England?

a woman beyond childbearing age who was outspoken, economically independent, or estranged from her husband

Which one of the following is true of slavery?

The English word “slavery” derives from “Slav,” reflecting the slave trade in Slavic peoples until the fifteenth century.

Which one of the following is true of the English West Indies in the seventeenth century?

By the end of the century, the African population far outnumbered the European population on most islands.

Which one of the following was true of small farmers in 1670s Virginia?

The lack of good land and corrupt bargains between the governor and the wealthiest tobacco planters made making a living nearly impossible.

Which one of the following was true of the colonial elite?

They controlled colonial government.

Who finally ended the Salem Witch trials?

the Massachusetts governor

Why did the accusations of witchcraft in Salem suddenly snowball in 1692?

The only way to avoid prosecution was to confess and name others.

William Penn was a member of which religious group?

Quakers