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14 Cards in this Set

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The view that knowledge originates in experience and that,science should, therefore, rely on observation and experimentation


Early school of thought promoted by Wundt and Titchener; used introspection to reveal the structure of the human mind.


Early school of thought promoted by James and influenced by Darwin; explored how mental and behavioral processes function- how they enable the organism to adapt, survive, and flourish

Experimental psychology

The study of behavior and thinking using the experimental method


The view that psychology (1) should be an objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes. most research psychologist today agree with (1) but not with (2)

Humanistic psych

A history significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of health people

Cognitive neuroscience

The interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with cognition (including perception, thinking, memory, and language).


The science of behavior and mental processes

Nature-nurture issue

The longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychologist traits and behavior today’s science sees traits and behaviors arising from the interaction of nature and nuture

Natural selection

The principle that, among the range of inherited traits variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on the succeeding generations.

Levels of analysis

The differing complementary views, from biological to psychological to social-cultural, for analyzing any given phenomenon

Bio psychological approach

An integrated approach that incorporated biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels of analysis

Behavioral psych

The scientific study of observable behavior, and its explanation by principles of learning.

Biological psychology

The scientific study of the links between biological(genetic,neural,hormonal) and psychological processes. (Some biological psychologist call themselves behavioral neuroscientists, neuropsychologists, behavior geneticists, physiological psychologists, or bio psychologist