Genetic Psychology, Nature Vs. Nurture?
Nature is the genetic inheritance and biological influences, while nurture is the external factors, such as environment and life experiences. The nature-nurture debate concerned with the extent to which aspects of behavior are a product human, whether nature (i.e. genetic influence) or nurture (i.e., acquired learning or environmental factors). The debate allows psychologists to study various aspects of human development which include intelligence, personality, and mental illness. However, different field of psychology often takes one side of the approach. For example, biological psychology tends to flavor the nature factors since they are studying about genetics and the on influences. On the other hands, behaviorism would prefer to focus on the environmental impact on behavior.
The debate between nature and nurture stretches back to the earliest days of Western philosophy. Plato, a famous philosopher, suggested that knowledge was inborn in humans that occur naturally without the influence of the external factors. Plato’s and another philosopher, like Descartes, are positioned on the nature side of the debate (Zaky, 2015). Meanwhile, Aristotle opposed this idea; he believes that real knowledge came from one’s experiences with observations of …show more content…
The Bible suggested that we are not bound only to our biological heredity, but also spiritual inheritance; cursing or blessing. In the Old Testament, Exodus 20:4-6 illustrates God is warning his people about sinning against him. In verse 5, God says that he will punish those that sin against him and also their families for thousands of generations. However, God then added in verse 6 that He will bless those (and their families) if they love and obey his commands. This means that when we are born, we do not just inherit genes from our parents, but also a sinful nature (and blessing) that passed down to us for generations; we are all