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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
is the process that teaches the norms, values, and other aspects of a culture to new group members.
Primary Socialization
is socialization that occurs during childhood.
Secondary Socialization
is the dynamic whereby socialization continues throughout our lives.
Nature Theory
states that the genes we get from our parents at conception are the primary causes of human behaviors.
Nurture Theory
states that our environment influences the way we think, feel, and behave.
means wild.
Looking-Glass Self
is the theory that the self develops through a process of reflection, like a mirror.
"I" self
is the subjective of the self.
"Me" Self
is the objective part of the self.
Imitation Stage
is Mead's first stage of development, which is the period from birth to about age 2, and is the stage at which children merely copy behaviors of those around them.
Play Stage
is Mead's second stage of development, which occurs around the ages of 2-4 years, during which children play roles and begin to take on the characteristics of important people in the world.
Game Stage
is Mead's third stage of development that never truly ends, and is the stage in which we begin to understand that others have expectations and demands placed upon them.
The Generalized other
is our sense of others.
Psychosocial Crisis
is a crisis occuring during each of Erikson's stages that will be resolved either positvely or negatively, and each outcome will have an effect on our ability to deal with the next one.
Cognitive Development
is a person's ability to think and reason.
Sensorimotor Stage
is the stage (birth to age 2 years) at which infants learn to experience and think about the world through their senses and motor skills.
Preoperatioal Stage
is the stage (ages 2 through 7 years) at which the ability to speak grows rapidly.
Concrete Operational Stage
is the stage (ages 7 through 12 years) at which children can think about objects in the world in more than one way and start to understand casual connections in their surroundings.
Formal Operational Stage
is the stage (ages 12 years and above) at which people become able to comprehend amd abstract thought.
Preconvential Level
is the first stage of moral development that lasts through elementary school years; at this level, children make their moral judgements within a framework of hedonistic principles.
is seeking pleasure over pain.
Conventional Level
is the second stage of moral development that arises before puberty and uses the lens of norms and rules to determine what is right and wrong.
Postconventional Level
is the third stage of moral development that refers to a morality based on abstract principles.
Morality of Justice
is morality based on the rule of law.
Morality of Care
is morally decided by a standard of how best to help those who are in need.
Agents of Socialization
are the people and groups who shape our self-concept, beliefs, and behavior.
Authoritative Style
is a parenting style in which parents listen to their children's input while consistently enforcing the present rules.
Permissive Style
is a parenting style in which parents provide high levels of support but an inconsistent enforcement of rules.
Authoritarian Style
is a parenting style with which children experience high levels of social control but low levels of emotional support.
is the process of learning new norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors and abandoning old ones.
Total Institutions
are places in which the most effective forms of resocialization can occur because they isolate people from outside influences so they can be reformed and controlled.

ex: prison
Hidden Curriculum
refers to the lessons taught in school that are unrelated to academic learning.
Gender Socialization
teaches members of society how to express their masculinity or femininity.
is the expectations of behavior and attitude that a society considers proper for males and females.
Mass Media
include any print or electronic resource that is used to communicate to a wide audience.
Social Policies
are deliberate strategies designed to correct recognized social problems.
Title IX
is a 1972 educational amendment that prohibits the exclusion of any person from participation in an educational program on the basis of gender.