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12 Cards in this Set

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Social Group

Two or more people who identify with one another


Groups contain people with shared experiences, loyalties, and interests

Two types of Social Groups

Primary Group and Secondary Group

Primary Group

A small social group whose members share personal and lasting relationships


Ex) family and close friends

Secondary Group

A large and impersonal social group whose members pursue a specific goal or activity


Ex) office, committee,etc.

Instrumental Leadership

Group leadership that focuses on the completion of tasks

Expressive Leadership

Group leadership that focuses on the group's well-being

Group Leadership

Authoritarian, Democratic, and Laissez-faire

Authoritarian Leadership

-Focuses on instrumental concerns, decision maker


-Demands the members to obey


-Wins little affection from the group,but appreciated in a crisis

Democratic Leadership

-More expressive and egalitarian


-Includes everyone in the decision-making process


-Less successful in a crisis situation

Laissez-faire Leadership

-Allows group to function on its own


-"Laissez-faire" means "hands off"/"leave it alone"


-Least effective in promoting group goals

Group Conformity

Group Think, Reference Groups,

Group Think

The tendency of group members to conform, resulting in a narrow view of some idea


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