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22 Cards in this Set

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Define sociology and identify several areas of investigation by sociologists
Sociology is the study of social life, social change, and the social causes and consequences of human behavior. Sociologists investigate the structure of groups, organizations, and societies, and how people interact within these contexts.
Identify the components of the sociological perspective.
it questions the obvious and wants us to see beyond our individual experiences
Define and distinguish the macro and micro levels of sociological analysis
Macro is the whole picture & micro focuses on the individual. Macro- organization
Examine the relationship between sociology and popular wisdom (common sense).
Common sense is contraditory, vague, over simplified, and unreliable. Sociological findings are backed by research and are accurate
Define, compare, and contrast the natural sciences and the social sciences.
natural-physical aspects of the world
social-mental & interactions
sociological imagination
the ability to see our private experiences and personal difficulties as entwined with the structural arrangements of society
Explain the difference between applied and pure social science.
applied science-is science that can be applied or used
pure- just for learning can't be applied
List several of the occupational and personal uses of sociology.
develop research skills, critical thinking and problem solving skills, interpersonal skills and communication skills///determine outcomes/ helps us live in a diverse world/ be active in society/
Explain how the knowledge of sociology can be advantageous to every social being.
sociology teaches us to consider perspectives other than our own and look beyond the individual in efforts to understand behavior
Development of sociology in Europe & United States
tried to explain social change and social order/ stressed importance of social interaction and the influence of society on human thought and action 1930s University of Chicago
Auguste Comte
Father of Sociology (Positivism) - gave term "sociology" but first called it social physics
Herbert Spencer
Social Darwinism-survival of the fittest
Emile Durkheim
Social Integration-learned way of living not biological
Karl Marx
Conflict Theory-society at constant conflict
Max Weber
Bureaucracy
George Herbert Mead
Symbolic Interaction
Charles Horton Cooley
The Looking-Glass Self
C. Wright Mills
The Power Elite
Structual Functional
interdependent structures that perform tasks for the maintenance of society
list of social sciences
economics:goods in societies
political science: power/govt
anthropology:origins and social relationships of humans
psychology, history, geography
conflict theory
Conflict theorists believe society is constantly changing and that life revolves around conflict. b. Social-Conflict is defined as class struggles due to economic inequality and that social conflict is at the core of society and the key source of social change
Symbolic-interaction
c. Symbolic-interaction is defined as the social theory stressing interactions between people and the social processes that occur within the individual that are made possible by language and internalized meanings. Symbolic interaction is the process through which the use of symbols (language or gestures that come to stand for something else) makes social behavior possible and as such create society.