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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back


The language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviors, and even material objects that characterize a group and are passed from one generation to the next


Expectations of "right" behavior


Norms that are not strictly enforced


Norms that are strictly enforced because they are thought essential to core values or the wellbeing of the group


the values and related behaviors of a group that distinguished its members from the larger culture; a world within a world


A group whose values, beliefs, norms, and related behaviors place its members in opposition to the broader culture

Value Cluster

Values that together form a larger whole


In its narrow sense, tools; its broader sense includes the skills or procedures necessary to make and use those tools

New Technology

The emerging technologies of an era that have a significant impact on social life

Cultural Lag

Ogburn's term for human behavior lagging behind technology innovations

Cultural Diffusion

The spread of cultural traits from one group to another; includes both material and nonmaterial cultural traits

Cultural Leveling

The process by which cultures become similar to one another; refers especially to the process by which western culture is being exported and diffused into other nations


A framework of thought in which human behavior is considered to be the result of natural selection and biological factors: a fundamental cause of human behavior


the modern version of the Darwinism which incorporates the principles of genetics to explain how inheritable variations can arise by mutation

Evolutionary Psychology

A theoretical approach to psychology that attempts to explain useful mental and psychological traits—such as memory, perception, or language—as adaptations