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33 Cards in this Set

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Airborne precautions:

Formerly called respiratory isolation, these additional safety precautions are applied to certain diseases such as tuberculosis


Partial or complete absence of oxygen from inspired gases, artificial blood, or tissue.


Substances that inhibit the growth of organisms and living tissue.


The state of being free or pathogenic microorganisms.

Bloodborne pathogen

Any microorganism in the blood or body fluids that can cause illness and disease

Aseptic techniques

Procedures that are performed under sterile conditions.


Able to cause cancer or make it likely to develop

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

An emergency procedure commonly performed on patients who are in cardiac or respiratory arrest


An individual with no overt disease who Harbors infectious organisms


Capable of burning corroding or destroying living tissue


A piece of laboratory equipment used to "spin" substances such as blood samples to separate out various elements that they contain

Chain of Infection

The method of infection proliferation; it includes and in infectious agent, a reserver, a portable of exit, a mode of transmission, a portal of entry, and susceptible host

Communicable disease

An infectious disease that is able to be transmitted between individuals because of a replicating agent (rather than toxin)

Contact precautions

Procedures that reduce the risk of transmission or serious disease through direct or indirect physical contact


Substances that can destroy microorganisms from non-living objects

Double bagging

The use of two trash bags for disposing of waste from patient rooms (usually from patients who are in isolation)

Droplet precautions

Procedures used to reduce the transmission of diseases via droplets that are expelled during sneezing coughing or talking these diseases include meningitis, pertussis pneumonia, rubella


An imminent objects that may transmit infectious organisms or infectious agents such as sinks toilets door knobs Lennon's glasses and Phlebotomy supplies


The OSHA Hazard communication standard which requires chemical manufacturers to Supply material safety data sheets (MSDs) for their chemicals

Infection control programs

Tidelines address community-acquired in healthcare-associated infections including their monitoring, reporting, required isolation, procedures, education, and management

Intensive Care Unit

A specialized treatment area for critically ill patients those needing additional monitoring and those who are more susceptible to infections

Isolation procedures

Methods used to protect healthcare workers from patients with certain infectious diseases usually divided into categories specific and disease specific types

Material safety data sheets (MSDSs)

Required paperwork about all chemicals used in a workplace Atlas Chemical precautionary and emergency exposure information

Mode of transmission

The method by which pathogenic agents are transmitted

Nosocomial infections

Healthcare acquired infections Loews acquired after being admitted into a health facility

Protective reverse isolation

Precautionary methods designed to protect patients who may be highly susceptible to infections

Race rescue alert confine extinguish

A system designed to help healthcare workers remember how to respond when a fire emergency occurs


The origin of an infection

Standard precautions

Safeguards to remember the risk of transmission of microorganisms these precautions are more comprehensive than the universal precautions applying to patients body fluids non-intact skin and mucous membranes and include barrier protection and hygiene and proper use and disposal of needles and other sharps

Susceptible host

A person who lacks resistance to an agent and is vulnerable to Contracting a disease


Able to cause birth defects in an embryo or fetus

Transmission based precautions

A set of procedures designed to prevent the communication of infectious diseases

Universal precautions

Approaches to infection control designed to prevent the transmission of blood-borne diseases