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50 Cards in this Set

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depict or treat in a mannered and nonrealistic style


A terraced, flat-topped pyramid surmounted by a temple, from the ancient Near East.


Giving human characteristics and attributes to a nonhuman being.


The chamber in an ancient Egyptian tomb designed to hold a statue of the deceased, in case of damage or loss to the mummy.

Rosetta Stone

A tablet discovered by Napoleon's troops in 1799 in Rosetta (Rashid), Egypt, which allowed modern people to crack the code of hieroglyphics. The stone, created in 196 BC, contained the same text in three languages: Greek, Demotic, and hieroglyphics.


A band that contains imagery or visual motifs; often, several registers are stacked one above the other to convey a narrative sequence. The presence of registers indicates a literate culture.

Bull (Significance)

Fighting, male fertility, confidence, valor, strength, power.


Half-man half-bull, Minos, Krete


The art of ancient Greece during the fifth century BCE, based on ideal proportion grounded in the human figure. The term also refers to a style that is clear and rational. Western art aesthetics are heavily influenced by Classical Greek art, seen in Roman, Romanesque, Renaissance, and Neoclassical styles.

Athena Parthenos

A massive statue inside the Parthenon of Athena.

Athena Nike

Smaller temple next to the Parthenon, built for Athena Nike godess of victory


A standing position in which the body weight rests on one straight leg, with the other leg relaxed and bent, giving the torso an s-shaped curve.


In architecture, geometric indentations in a ceiling. The Patheon in Rome has a coffered ceiling.


The round opening in the center of a dome.

Continuous Narrative

A method for depicting a complete narrative in one artwork; the same character(s) may be shown more than once in a single painting or frieze. Examples of continuous narrative include the Column of Trajan in Rome, the Bayeux Tapestry, and the frescoes on the Dura Europos Synagogue.


The study and interpretation of types and symbols. OR a classification according to general type, especially in archaeology, psychology, or the social sciences.


A visual image, pictorial representation, or symbol that may have religious or political connotations.


In early Christian art, a pose in which the figure's arms are outstretched as if in prayer or praise. "Orant" can refer to the pose or the figure itself.


Subterranean chambers used for the burial of the dead, most notably those found under Paris and Rome.


An image or decoration created by covering a surface with small pieces of variously colored material, such as metal, glass, or stone. These pieces are called tesserae.


An individual tile, stone, or other piece used to create a mosaic.


a large oblong hall or building with double colonnades and a semicircular apse, used in ancient Rome as a court of law or for public assemblies.


a large semicircular or polygonal recess in a church, arched or with a domed roof, typically at the eastern end, and usually containing the altar.


The central part of a church building, intended to accommodate most of the congregation. In traditional Western churches it is rectangular, separated from the chancel by a step or rail, and from adjacent aisles by pillars.

Stained Glass

Pieces of colored glass arranged to create an abstract composition or representational image.


A sacred fragment of an object, a deceased saint, or an ancestor.


A vessel or receptacle designed to house a holy relic.

Flying Buttress

A mass of brick or stone that supports a wall or an arch; a flying buttress is a buttress placed some distance from the structure it is supporting, and it is connected to the main structure with an arch.

Notre Dame

Stands for "Our Lady" in French


A political dynasty of bankers and royals in Italy. 4 popes came from the Medici


Architect and engineer of the Renaissance. Helped build the Santa Maria del Fiore. Invented a dome structure for the top.


In art, the depiction of figures as elongated, thin, and delicate. A common feature of Mannerism.


the treatment of light and shade in drawing and painting.

an effect of contrasted light and shadow created by light falling unevenly or from a particular direction on something.

Mirrors (in paintings)

First started coming about in the Renaissance.

Louix XIV "Sun King"

Moved the palace to Versailles where he lavished the entire area. Gold and mirrors were his primary focus. Lots of symmetry.


A building in the grounds like a greenhouse that were used to house oranges and citrus trees


A Japanese religion dating from the early 8th century and incorporating the worship of ancestors and nature spirits and a belief in sacred power ( kami ) in both animate and inanimate things. It was the state religion of Japan until 1945.


A divine being in the Shinto religion.


Pots, tools, burial, weapons, cave paintings, idols (tiny sculptures)


sculptures, pyramids, ziggurats, cuneiform, structures. Think Egyptian and Mesopotamian


800-480 BC Stiff sculptures that looked Egyptian. black and gold pottery


Parthenon, Alexander the Great, think more detailed sculptures.


Greece is falling, more dramatic art, and pride.


Architecture, sculptures, painting, and the arch


14th century till 17th century. Michelangelo, Leonardo, massive cathedrals, dramatic sculptures, oil paintings, greek and roman influence, artistic awakening.

Early and High

High Renaissance art is characterized by self-confident Humanism. Here we see artists admiring classical art and architecture as a way to show off their classical knowledge or for a patron who commissioned these works to seem more knowledgeable about the world and its history.

Italian and Northern

Gothic and religious influences. Universities and cathedrals. Roman Catholic church. classical influence.


A movement in European art during the late Renaissance and early Baroque eras, characterized by unclear space and subject matter, attenuated figures, citrus colors, and virtuosity.


A style of architecture and art in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Western cultures (specifically in Europe) characterized by exaggeration, overstatement, and a flare for artifice and the theatrical.

Italian, Spanish, Northern

Ecstasy of Saint Theresa, Peter Paul Rubens, northern was more house oriented like Vermeer. Italian and Spanish more religious influenced.