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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the two types of theories?
grand and emergent
list the three grand theories
psychoanalytic, behaviorism, and cognitive
list the two emergent theories
sociocultural and epigenetic
developmental theory
a group of ideas that interpret the thousands of observations about human growth
list the approximate ages of freuds theory
1-3, 3-6, 6-11, adolesence, and adulthood
who came up with the psychosocial theory of psychoanalytic theory?
Erik Erikson
list the 8 stages of psychosocial theory
trust/ mistrust, autonomy/shame, initiative/guilt, industry/inferiority, identity/role confusion, intimacy/isolation, generativity/stagnation, and integrity/despair
what did Erikson come up with?
psychosocial theory
who came up with behaviorism
John B. Watson
what are the two types of learning?
classical and operant conditioning
what do you call the consequence that is likely to repeat a behavior?
what is the extension of behaviorism called
social learning theory
social learning theory
the idea that emphasizes the influence others have over someone's behavior
an integral part of social learning is
social learning believes in ___ which is defined as ___
self-efficacy - the belief that people can change themselves and alter the social context
who came up with cognitive theory
Jean Piaget
list Piaget's stages
preoperation, sensorimoter, concrete operational, formal operational
an infant must understand that objects exist out of sight, known as
object permanence
what are the two types of adaptation
assimilation and accommodation
who came up with sociocultural theory?
Lev Vygotsky
Sociocultural theory
says that development is caused by society and cultural
guided participation
a technique in which skilled mentors help novices learn by allowing direct, shared involvement
what is the zone that the person is closed, but not yet at
zone of proximal learning
epigenetic theory
the view that genes interact with the environment to allow development
what view do most psychologists take?
eclectic perspective